New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Rwanda

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Chamber of Deputies

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Donatille Mukabalisa (Female)
Year of birth
1960
Additional information
Re-elected on 18 Sep. 2018.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary general
Kambanda Jeannine (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 13 Sep. 2016.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
31
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
49
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
61.25% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Clarisse Imaniriho (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
68
Oldest member
Fidèle Rwigamba (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
48
Total per sex
Total of male
29
Total of female
51
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
1
31-40
17
41-45
14
46-50
18
51-60
21
61-70
9
71-80
0
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 1 17 14 18 21 9 0 0 0
Total <= 45: 32 Total >= 46: 48
Male 0 0 4 5 3 10 7 0 0 0 29
Female 0 1 13 9 15 11 2 0 0 0 51
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger1.25%0%1.25%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger22.5%5%17.5%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger40%11.25%28.75%

Reserved seats and quotas

Number of reserved seats, by group
Women
24
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
‘Twenty four (24) female Deputies shall be elected by specific organs in accordance with national administrative entities. A Presidential Order shall determine a national administrative entity and the number of women Deputies to be elected at each entity. At each entity through which election has been conducted, candidates who obtain more votes shall be considered as elected’ ( https://www.idea.int/data-tools/data/gender-quotas )
Elections > Election results

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
31
Number of women elected
49
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
61.25%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
24
Women Indirectly Elected
24
Women Other
1

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
31
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
49
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Donatille Mukabalisa (Female)
Political party
Rwandan Patriotic Front (FPR)
Date of election
19.09.2018
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Date of independence For countries that become independent after 1940
1962
Women’s right to vote
Right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1961
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Prior to independence, the Legislative Decree of Rwanda - Urundi (L.D.R.U.) N° 02/269, issued by the Belgian administration of the UN Trust territory on 17 August 1961 (and first exercised in the legislative elections on 25 September 1961) granted universal suffrage to women. This right was confirmed at independence when suffrage was granted in the 1962 Constitution.
Women’s right to stand for election
Right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1961
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Stand for Election: Restrictions detail
Right to stand for election was granted for all positions except that of President (granted in 1978, in the new constitution)
Right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1978
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1981

Women Heads of State or Government

Woman Heads of State or Government
Not available
See historical data for this field.
Parliamentary bodies > Caucuses

Women

Caucus name
Forum des Femmes Rwandaises Parlementaires (FFRP) / Rwanda Women Parliamentary Forum (RWPF)
Date of creation
01.1996
Formal or informal
Formal
The caucus is open to male MPs
No
The caucus is cross-party
No
Notes
In addition, men interested in joining the caucus can be granted membership by the General Assembly. Members of the Rwandan parliament and other politicians who so request are also welcome to join the Caucus.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes
Issues dealt with by the caucus
- Women parliamentarians have contributed to the establishment of a legal and policy framework providing a clear mandate for gender equality in the Rwandan Parliament, helping to forge the national political will needed to pass the the 2003 Constitution and related legislation on the electoral process, gender-based violence, inheritance, labour, nationality and citizenship, access to reproductive healthcare, crime (including the Penal Code and the criminalization of rape during genocide) and the governance of political parties. - Legislation on the rights of children, a Family Code, and gender mainstreaming in the national budget. - Yes - The number of women in Rwanda's parliament is high, with women accounting for 56.3% of all seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 38.5% of all seats in the Senate.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
Yes
The caucus has a communication plan
No