Slovakia

National Council

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
29.02.2020
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
29.02.2024
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
150
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,736
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
2,104
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
632
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
23.1%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
25

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
4,432,419
Votes Number of people who actually voted
2,916,840
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
65.81%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
As was the case in the preceding elections held in 2016, no party won an outright majority in the 150-member National Council in 2020. The coalition led by Ordinary People and Independent Personalities (O'LANO, see note 1), led by Mr. Igor Matovic, came first, taking 53 seats (up from 19), winning 16 more seats than Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini’s Smer–Social Democracy (Smer-SD), which came second with 38 seats (down from 49). The O'LANO subsequently formed a four-party coalition government (see note 2) thereby ousting the Smer-SD which had governed the country since 2012. The newly elected National Council held its first session on 20 March amid the COVID-19 pandemic, obliging all members to wear a mask. The following day, President Zuzana Caputova (the country’s first female President elected in 2019) inaugurated the new government led by Prime Minister Matovic.

The anti-corruption agenda dominated the 2020 election campaign which was held shortly after the beginning of the trial in February 2018 for the murder of a journalist who had been investigating high-level corruption scandals. The murder had prompted mass protests, which forced the then Prime Minister Robert Fico to resign in March 2018. However, his Smer-SD party remained in power until the 2020 elections.

Note 1:
The O’LANO-led coalition comprised O’LANO, the New Majority (NOVA), the Christian Union (KU) and the Change from the Bottom (ZMENA ZDOLA).

Note 2:
The coalition government comprises O'LANO, We Are Family (SME RODINA, led by the new Speaker Boris Kollár), Freedom and Solidarity (SaS, led by Mr. Richard Sulik), and For the People (ZA ĽUDÍ, led by former President Andrej Kiska), which jointly hold a total of 95 seats.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
24%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
35.33%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
4
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Ordinary People and Independent Personalities (O'LANO), We Are Family (SME RODINA), Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) and For the People (ZA ĽUDÍ)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Ordinary People and Independent Personalities (O'LANO ) - NOVA - KU - ZMENA ZDOLA 53
Smer - Social Democracy (Smer-SD) 38
We Are Family (SME RODINA) 17
Kotlebovci - People's Party Our Slovakia (L'SNS) 17
Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) 13
For the People (ZA ĽUDÍ) 12
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
118
Number of women elected
32
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
21.33%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
Note on the distribution of seats according to sex:
Thirty-two women were elected in the February 2020. The number of women decreased to 30 after the formation of the government in March.
Women Directly Elected
32

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
118
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
32
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
82
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
20.03.2020
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Boris Kollár (Male)
Political party
We Are Family (SME RODINA)
Date of election
20.03.2020