New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments



House of the People

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theUpper House

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Federal Parliament
Chamber name
House of the People (House of the People)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1963-01 to 1969-01
from 1980-01 to 1991-01
from 2006-01 to 2009-01
from 2013-01
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
African Group


Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the House of the People
Mohamed Mursal Sheikh Abdirahman (Male)

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary general
Abdikarim Haji Abdi Buh (Male)


Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected
Indirectly elected members Indirectly elected, for example by regional parliaments or an electoral college.
Note on the statutory number of members
Indirectly elected: A total of 135 traditional elders select 14,025 members (51 members for each of the 275 members of the House of the People) to Electoral Colleges in consultation with their relevant and respective elders (Nabadoono). The Electoral Colleges then elect 275 members to the House of the People. At least 30 per cent of seats are reserved for women.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
24.36% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
329 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
42,274 See historical data for this field.


Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Ahmed Omar Islow Mohamed (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Oldest member
Yusuf Dirir Abdi-Isse (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 11 29 26 45 71 27 2 0 0
Total <= 45: 66 Total >= 46: 145
Male 0 8 25 23 38 61 27 2 0 0 184
Female 0 3 4 3 7 10 0 0 0 0 27
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger5.21%3.79%1.42%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger18.96%15.64%3.32%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger31.28%26.54%4.74%
Members for whom data is available

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Number of reserved seats, by group
30% of seats are legally reserved for women
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.