New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Somalia

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House of the People

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theUpper House

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
Notes
Currently all members of the House of the People have been appointed by community elders based on the 4.5 formula to ensure all communities are represented. However, Article 47 of the Provisional Constitution stipulates that "the regulations concerning[...] elections at the Federal Government level[...] shall be defined in special laws enacted by the House of the People of the Federal Parliament of Somalia.The Provisional Constitution of Somalia outlines that the Federal Republic of Somalia should have a bicameral Parliament consisting of the House of the People (the lower house) with 275 members directly elected from constituencies and the upper house (senate) with 54 members, 3 members elected from each of the 18 regions of Somalia as recognized at 1991.
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
When the member is sworn in
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
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Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
No
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
Yes
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
4 Année

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Notes
when the immunity of a member is waived, it shall be endorsed by a majority vote of the members (50%+1) excluding vacant seats occasioned by death, resignation or otherwise legally vacant.

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary The figures are the gross amount before tax in national currency.
3,000
Basic salary in PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) dollars The figures were provided by parliaments in national currency and converted to PPP dollars using World Bank conversion tables.
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker no yes
Committee Chair no
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Two deputy speakers who chair some sessions receive a special and are allowed 1,500 in addition to the 3,000 monthly allowance
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Standing Committee
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
The data valid for the year
2012

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Can be a member of parliament
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Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Not available
See historical data for this field.