South Africa

National AssemblyNational Council of Provinces

National Council of Provinces

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
When the member is sworn in
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the day of new elections
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Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
Yes
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
5 Année
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Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary
1,138,000 (2021)
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Notes
Total remuneration payable to MPs can be structured to the member’s needs and includes the monthly Political Office Bearers Allowance
Names of the basic allowances
Political Office Bearers Allowance (10,000 ZAR paid monthly)
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
Members are entitled to receive travel allowances for constituency work.
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes
Committee Chair yes
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Speaker - R 2,800,000
Deputy Speaker - R 1,970,000
House Chairpersons - R 1,880,000
Parliamentary Counsellors & Leader of Opposition - R 1,600,000
Committee Chairpersons - R 1,490,000
Party leaders - R 1,340,000
Whips - R 1,240,000
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
The independent Commission for the Remuneration of Public Office Bearers makes recommendations.
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
The independent Commission for the Remuneration of Public Office Bearers makes recommendations. The final determination is by proclamation of the President based on Section 2019 of the Constitution (Act 108 of 1996) that stipulates an Act of Parliament must establish a framework for determining the salaries, allowances and benefits, or the upper limits thereof, as the case may be, of public office bearers. It further stipulates that national legislation must establish an independent commission to make recommendations concerning the above salaries and allowances.
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Notes
The independent Commission for the Remuneration of Public Office Bearers considers, amongst others, the following factors to be relevant in forming the basis for its decision: The Consumer Price Index (CPI) trends, Affordability, National market trends including the private and public sector, Consultation with relevant stakeholders.
The data valid for the year
2020
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
Salaries are published annually in the Government Gazette and on the website of the Independent Commission for Remuneration of Public Office Bearers http://www.remcommission.gov.za
Amount of allowances received by each member
No

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Can be a member of parliament
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Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
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