New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Belarus

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Council of the Republic

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Representatives

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
At the first sitting of the chamber
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
At the first sitting of the chamber
End of the parliamentary mandate
When the new chamber meets for the first time
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Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
Yes
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
4 Years

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto
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Notes
during their term of office deputies of the house of representatives and members of the council of the republic may be arrested or otherwise deprived of personal liberty only with the prior consent of the appropriate house with the exception of instances of state treason, or any other grave crime as well as when detained at the scene of crime. a criminal case against a deputy of the house of representatives or a member of the council of the republic shall be tried by the supreme court.

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other

Notes

Article 92 of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus A deputy of the House of Representatives may simultaneously be a member of the Government. No person may simultaneously be a member of both Houses of the Parliament. A member of the House of Representatives may not be a member of a local council of deputies. A member of the Council of the Republic may not simultaneously be a member of the Government. No person may exercise duties of a deputy of the House of Representatives, or a member of the Council of the Republic and simultaneously hold the office of the President or a judge.