New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Spain

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Senate

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theCongress of Deputies

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Manuel Cruz Rodríguez (Male)
Year of birth
1951
Additional information
Elected on 21 May 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary general
Manuel Cavero (Male)

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
152
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
98
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
39.2% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
213
Total per sex
Total of male
174
Total of female
90
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
3
31-40
24
41-45
24
46-50
41
51-60
107
61-70
55
71-80
10
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 3 24 24 41 107 55 10 0 0
Total <= 45: 51 Total >= 46: 213
Male 0 1 9 9 20 81 44 10 0 0 174
Female 0 2 15 15 21 26 11 0 0 0 90
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger1.14%0.38%0.76%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger10.23%3.79%6.44%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger19.32%7.2%12.12%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Legislated candidate quotas. Candidate lists must have a balanced proportion of women and men, so that candidates of either sex make up at least 40% of total membership. Where the number of seats to be covered is less than five, the balance between women and men shall be as even as possible.
Elections > Election results

Results

Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
As at 10 May 2019, there were 90 women out of 231 senators, with 35 vacant seats among the 58 indirectly elected senators, as follows:&#13; - 82 women among 208 directly elected senators;&#13; - 8 women among 23 indirectly elected senators.&#13; The vacancies will be filled after 26 May 2019.
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
82
Women Indirectly Elected
8

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
141
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
90
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Manuel Cruz Rodríguez (Male)
Political party
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Date of election
21.05.2019
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1931
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1931
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1931