Spain

Congress of DeputiesSenate

Congress of Deputies

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
10.11.2019
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.11.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
350
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
37,001,219
Votes Number of people who actually voted
24,365,851
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
65.85%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The second snap elections in 2019 returned a more fragmented parliament. Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez’s Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) remained the largest party in both chambers of the Cortes but failed to secure the majority again. It lost seats in both chambers, winning 120 seats in the 350-member Chamber of Deputies and 92 seats in the 265-member Senate (of whom 208 are directly elected). On the contrary, the People's Party (PP, led by Mr. Pablo Casado) increased its share in both chambers. The Vox, led by former PP member Mr. Santiago Abascal, became the third largest party, winning 52 deputy seats; twice more seats than Podemos ("We Can") – IU (United Left) led by Mr. Pablo Iglesias. Ciudadanos ("Citizens", C's) leader, Mr. Albert Rivera, resigned after the party lost 47 deputy seats (holding 10) and all directly elected senate seats. The newly elected Congress of Deputies re-elected Ms. Meritxell Batet (PSOE) as its Speaker while the Senate elected Ms. María Pilar Llop Cuenca, an indirectly elected senator from Madrid, as its new President. During election campaigning, the major parties focused on reforms on the educational system, income and corporate taxes. The second snap elections in 2019 were held shortly after the Supreme Court ruling in October, which sentenced nine Catalan separatists to prison for their involvement in the 2017 independence bid. The court ruling triggered violent protests in Barcelona, with hundreds of people injured. On 27 October, thousands of people marched against Catalan independence, calling for unity. The major parties, including the PSOE, the PP and C’s backed the pro-union march.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
11
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
34.29%
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 120
People's Party (PP) 88
Vox 52
Podemos ("We Can") - IU (United Left) 26
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) - Sovereigntists (Sobiranistes) 13
Ciudadanos ("Citizens", C's) 10
Junts per Catalunya (“Together for Catalonia”, JxCAT) - Junts 8
EN COMÚ PODEMEN (ECP) - Guanyem el Canvi 7
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 7
Unite Basque Country (Euskal Herria Bildueh Bildu, EH Bildu) 5
Más País - EQUO 2
Popular Unity Candidacy - For Rupture (CUP - PR) 2
Podemos ("We Can") - EU 2
Canarian Coalition - Canarian Nationalist Party - New Canaries (CCa - PNC - NC) 2
Navarra Suma (NA+) 2
Més Compromís 1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 1
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 1
¡Teruel Existe! 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
196
Number of women elected
154
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
44%
Sources
IPU Group (05.12.2019) http://www.congreso.es/portal/page/portal/Congreso/Congreso/Diputados/Diputadas%20en%20activo Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) - Spanish National Statistical Institute (21.11.2019) https://resultados.10noviembre2019.es/Congreso/Total-nacional/0/es https://www.ine.es/ BBC BBC Monitoring theguardian.com elpais.com
Women Directly Elected
154

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
196
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
154
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
03.12.2019
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Meritxell Batet (Female)
Political party
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Date of election
03.12.2019