New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments



Congress of Deputies

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections


Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal


Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 123
People's Party (PP) 66
Ciudadanos ("Citizens", C's) 57
Podemos ("We Can") - IU (United Left) - EQUO 35
Vox 24
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) - Sovereigntists (Sobiranistes) 15
EN COMÚ PODEMEN (ECP) - Guanyem el Canvi 7
Junts per Catalunya (“Together for Catalonia”, JxCAT) - Junts 7
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 6
Unite Basque Country (Euskal Herria Bildueh Bildu, EH Bildu) 4
Canarian Coalition - Canarian Nationalist Party (CCa - PNC) 2
Navarra Suma (NA+) 2
Compromís 2019 1
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 1
Other notes
The Cortes were dissolved on 24 September 2019 in view of new early elections to be held on 10 November. Between the dissolution and the convening of the newly elected legislature, the Permanent Deputation, which comprises a reduced number of members of parliament, assumes the legislative powers. As at 27 September 2019, the Permanent Deputation of the Congress of Deputies comprised 137 members, 56 of whom were women.
Congress of Deputies (09.05.2019, 25.09.2019) Ministry of Interior (
Women Directly Elected

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
Notes Note on the number of first-term parliamentarians
New parliamentarians include those that were not members of the XII Legislature (July 2016- May 2019).
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Meritxell Batet (Female)
Political party
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Date of election