Switzerland

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
22.10.2023
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.10.2027
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
200
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
5,909
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
3,501
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
2,408
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
40.75%
Notes
A total of 618 lists were submitted in 2023, of which 553 by 15 parties which have already been represented at the National Council. The remaining 65 lists were submitted by other parties and groups which have never been represented at the National Council.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
5,583,221
Votes Number of people who actually voted
2,604,984
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
46.66%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
No political party secured an overall majority in the 200-member National Council. The two largest parties in the outgoing legislature increased their share of seats. The Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC), led by Mr. Marco Chiesa, won 62 seats (up from 54 in 2019) and the Socialist Party (SP/PS), led by Ms. Mattea Meyer, won 41 seats (up from 39). The Centre Party (see note 1), led by Mr. Gerhard Pfister, came third with 29. On the other hand, both the Green Party (GPS/PES, led by Mr. Balthasar Glättli) and the Liberal Green Party (GLP/PVL, led by Mr. Jürg Grossen) lost their share of seats. The number of women elected to the National Council decreased from 84 in 2019 (42%) to 77 in 2023 (38.5%).





In elections to the 46-member Council of States, the Centre Party and FDP/The Liberals (FDP/PLR) won the most seats – 15 and 11 respectively. Run-off elections were held in each canton on various dates and concluded on 19 November.





The key electoral issues included asylum and immigration policies, a rise in mandatory health insurance fees, and energy supply. Climate change and environmental issues, which had dominated the 2019 elections, kept a low profile in 2023.





Note 1:


The Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC) and the Conservative Democratic Party (BDP/PBD), which jointly took 28 seats in the 2019 elections, formed the Centre Party in 2021.





Note 2:


Since 1959, the Federal Council has comprised representatives of the four major parties: two seats each for the SVP/UDC, the SP/PS and the FDP/PLR, and one seat for the CVP/PDC, which has now become the Centre Party.
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
31%
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC) 62
Socialist Party (SP/PS) 41
Centre Party 29
FDP/The Liberals (FDP/PLR) 28
Green Party (GPS/PES) 23
Liberal Green Party (GLP/PVL) 10
Federal Democratic Union (EDU) 2
Evangelical People's Party (EVP/PEV) 2
Geneva Citizens' Movement (MCR/MCG) 2
Ticino League (Lega) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
123
Number of women elected
77
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
38.5%
Women Directly Elected
77

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
123
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
77
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
54
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
04.12.2023
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Eric Nussbaumer (Male)
Political party
Socialist Party (SP/PS)
Date of election
04.12.2023