Switzerland

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
33 (2017)
See historical data for this field.
Notes For some parliaments, data can not be presented on an annual basis, for example because parliamentary sessions run from April to March of the following year. In such cases, the period to which the data corresponds is specified here.
Three of the 203 laws adopted during the 2019-2023 legislature were initiated by the cantons and many of the laws initiated by the Executive were commissioned or influenced by the parliament from the start.
Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
203
See historical data for this field.
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
59
See historical data for this field.
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
141
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of laws initiated by parliament in the previous legislature The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of the laws adopted that were initiated by parliament by the total number of laws adopted in the previous legislature.
29.06% See historical data for this field.
Dates of the previous legislature
02.12.2019 to 03.12.2023
See historical data for this field.
Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislation For bicameral parliaments: Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislationNot applicable; The legislation cannot be adopted unless both chambers agree; The decision of the lower chamber will take effect after a certain deadline; The decision of the upper chamber will take effect after a certain deadline; Other (please specify) For bicameral parliaments: Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislation
The legislation cannot be adopted unless both chambers agree
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 156, al. 2

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State In some countries, the Constitution foresees that legislation adopted by parliament must be signed into law by the Head of State. If so, the Head of State may, for example, have the power to veto the legislation, return it to parliament, or submit it to another body such as a constitutional court.
No
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation: Not applicable; No further action is taken. The legislation is rejected; The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination; The legislation is referred to the Constitutional/Supreme Court;The legislation is put to a referendum; Other (please specify)
Not applicable
Not applicable. The Head of State cannot decline to give assent to legislation adopted by parliament
Yes
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree: Not applicable; Parliament; Head of State; Constitutional/Supreme Court; Other (please specify)
Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation
See historical data for this field.
Not applicable. There is no procedure to introduce emergency legislation.
No