New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Syrian Arab Republic

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People's Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
13.04.2016
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
23.05.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2020
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
250
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Notes
Number of candidates: About 3,500. Initially 11,341 people submitted their candidacy but only 3,500 remained in race by the polling day.
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
8,834,994
Votes Number of people who actually voted
5,085,444
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
57.56%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
On 22 February 2016, President Bashar al-Assad issued a decree calling elections to the People's Assembly for 13 April. The elections were held during the ongoing civil war that began in late 2011. Elections took place with talks, led by the United Nations, on a possible political transition, including the possibility of a new constitution and presidential and parliamentary elections by September 2017. Opposition forces called for a boycott of the 2016 elections, accusing the government of using the vote to gain leverage in the peace talks. The High Negotiations Committee, the main opposition force in exile, termed the vote "illegitimate". The National Unity alliance, supporting President al-Assad and his Baath Party, won 200 seats in the 250-member People's Assembly. Many candidates reportedly focused on security issues. On 2 May, the President issued a decree naming winners of parliamentary elections. Elections did not take place in Raqa and Idlib provinces, which are controlled by the so-called Islamic State and the Al-Qaeda-linked Al-Nusra Front. Amid the violence, fewer Syrians registered to vote in 2016: 8.8 million, down from 10.1 million in 2012. Over 140,000 refugees returned to the country in order to vote. According to the Higher Judicial Committee for Elections, turnout in 2016 was 57.56%, up from 51.26 % in 2012.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
6
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
68.8%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
5
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Baath Arab Party, Syrian Communist Party, Syrian Social Nationalist Party, Socialist Unionists, Socialist Union Party. Note: The Government also include independent members.
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Baath Arab Party 172
Independents 62
Syrian Social Nationalist Party 7
Syrian Communist Party 4
Socialist Unionists 2
Socialist Union Party 2
Haraka al-'ahd al-waTani 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
217
Number of women elected
33
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
13.2%
Other notes
Timing of election: Upon normal expiry. The four-year term of the outgoing legislature started on 24 May 2012. Elections needed to be held between 24 March and 24 May 2016 in accordance with article 62 of the Constitution.
Sources
People's Assembly (30.05.2016, 13.07.2017) Syrian Arab News Agency France 24 Centre for Research on Globalization
Women Directly Elected
33

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
217
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
33
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
06.06.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas (Female)