New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Belgium

-

House of Representatives

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
25.05.2014
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
28.04.2014
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.05.2019
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
150
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,599
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
819
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
780
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
48.78%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
47

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
8,008,776
Votes Number of people who actually voted
7,157,498
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
89.37%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
As in the previous elections, no party won an outright majority in the 150-member House of Representatives. The New Flemish Alliance (N-VA), led by the Mayor of Antwerp, Mr. Bart De Wever, remained the largest force with 33 seats, up from the 27 it had won in the previous elections in 2010. The Socialist Party - Walloon (PS), led by Prime Minister Elio Di Rupo, and the Movement for Reform (MR), led by Mr. Charles Michel, took 23 (down from 26) and 20 seats (up from 18) respectively. Three other Flemish parties followed: The Flemish Democratic Christian Party (CD&V, 18 seats); the Open VLD (14 seats); the Flemish Socialist Party (sp.a, 13 seats). Seven other parties won fewer than 10 seats each. The June 2010 elections had resulted in a record 541 days of coalition talks before a government was formed. The 2014 elections were the first to be held after the October 2011 political accord on State reform (see note). In 2014, the N-VA manifesto included a proposal to transform Belgium into a confederation of autonomous regions, although the party did not make institutional reform a central issue of its campaign. It promised to work for "protection of the interests of Flanders" but stated that it did not want a long political crisis. Prime Minister Di Rupo (PS) argued that voting for the N-VA would lead to the country's division. The sp.a also defended the federal institutions and promised to continue the welfare system. The CD& V opposed the N-VA's proposal to cut unemployment benefits after two years. The MR wanted to revive the economy through tax reform. The Open VLD promised to boost the economy and create jobs by lowering the labour tax and reducing the government spending by five per cent. Note: The so-called Butterfly Agreement ("Accord Papillon") was signed by the CD&V, the sp.a, the Open VLD, GROEN! (Flemish green party), the PS, the MR, the Humanist Democratic Centre (cdH) and the Greens - Walloon (Ecolo) in view of the sixth State reform of the federal State. In December 2011, six of the eight signing parties – without the two green parties - formed a coalition government. Based on the sixth State reform, the 71-member Senate, which comprised 40 directly elected members, was transformed into a 60-member indirectly elected body, comprising 50 senators of the federal entities designated by Community and Regional Parliaments and 10 co-opted senators, selected by the 50 senators. Six Dutch-speaking members and four French-speaking members will be co-opted based on the election results of the House of Representatives.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
13
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
27.66%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
22%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Movement for Reform (MR), New Flemish Alliance (N-VA), Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) and Open vld
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) 33
Socialist Party - Walloon (PS) 23
Movement for Reform (MR) 20
Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) 18
Open vld 14
Flemish Socialist Party (sp.a) 13
Humanist Democratic Centre (cdH) 9
GROEN! (Flemish green party) 6
Greens - Walloon (Ecolo) 6
Vlaams Belang (Flemish Interest) 3
PTB-GO ! 2
Democratic Front of Francophones (FDF) 2
People's Party 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
91
Number of women elected
59
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
39.33%
Sources
House of Representatives (01.01.2017) Federal Public Services Home Affairs, elections of 25.05.2014
Women Directly Elected
59

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
91
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
59
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
61
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
19.06.2014
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Patrick Dewael (Male)
Political party
Open vld
Date of election
30.06.2014