New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Belgium

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Senate

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Representatives

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
When the member is sworn in
End of the parliamentary mandate
Notes
For category (1) senators: the term of office ends on the opening day of the first session of the parliaments of the federated entities after they have been entirely renewed. For category (2) senators: the term of offices ends on the opening day of the first session of the House of Representatives following its entire renewal. However, should the House of Representatives and the Senate be prematurely dissolved, following the adoption of a declaration of revision of the Constitution, the senators’ term of office ends on the day of the dissolution.

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Notes
le président de la chambre des représentants et celui du sénat occupent le troisième ou le quatrième rang, par alternance, à chaque session parlementaire annuelle.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
No
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
No
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
1 Year

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto
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There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary
Not available
See historical data for this field.
Basic allowances “Basic allowances” are allowances that are automatically paid to all parliamentarians. They are received in advance as a lump sum at a flat rate. They are not intended to be reimbursement for any expenses. Basic allowances are sometimes called “representation allowance”, “supplemental allowance”, “end-of-year allowance”, etc.
23,550
Names of the basic allowances
per diem allowance
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes yes
Committee Chair yes yes
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
VP, President of the Questor's College, Questor, Group Leader; Permanent Committee Head
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Parliament Office (Bureau du Senat)
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Parliament Office (Bureau du Senat)
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries: Civil service salary scale; Ministerial salary; Minimum wage; Other (please specify)
Other (please specify)
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Notes
Same as the State Councilor (Conseiller d'Etat)
The data valid for the year
2012

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Cannot be a member of parliament
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