New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Thailand

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House of Representatives

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Rathhasapha (National Assembly)
Chamber name
Saphaphuthan Ratsadon (House of Representatives)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1950 to 1972
from 1973
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
Chuan Leekpai (Male)
Year of birth
1938
Term
25.05.2019
Additional information
Elected on 25 May 2019, appointed by the King on 31 May 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary General
Sorasak Pienvej (Male)

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
500
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
500
Note on the statutory number of members
Not available
See historical data for this field.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
500
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
419
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
81
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
16.2% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
750 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
68,658
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
91,544 See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
54.00
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Phetchompoo Kijburana (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
91
Oldest member
Chai Chidchob (Male)
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 12 71 49 51 163 119 31 3 1
Total <= 45: 132 Total >= 46: 368
Male 0 8 47 40 42 139 110 29 3 1 419
Female 0 4 24 9 9 24 9 2 0 0 81
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger2.4%1.6%0.8%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger16.6%11%5.6%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger26.4%19%7.4%
Members for whom data is available
500 See historical data for this field.

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
2017 Constitution, art. 90 Section 48 of the Organic Act on Political Parties prescribes that to run for an election, political parties need to prepare their lists of Party-List candidates by taking gender balance into consideration.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.