Thailand

House of RepresentativesSenate

House of Representatives

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Chuan Leekpai (Male)
Year of birth
1938
Additional information
Elected on 25 May 2019, appointed by the King on 31 May 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Sorasak Pienvej (Male)

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
412
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
77
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
15.75% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
54.00
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Phetchompoo Kijburana (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
91
Oldest member
Chai Chidchob (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
368 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
419 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
81 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
12 See historical data for this field.
31-40
71 See historical data for this field.
41-45
49 See historical data for this field.
46-50
51 See historical data for this field.
51-60
163 See historical data for this field.
61-70
119 See historical data for this field.
71-80
31 See historical data for this field.
81-90
3
91 and over
1 See historical data for this field.
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 12 71 49 51 163 119 31 3 1
Total <= 45: 132 Total >= 46: 368
Male 0 8 47 40 42 139 110 29 3 1 419
Female 0 4 24 9 9 24 9 2 0 0 81
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger2.4%1.6%0.8%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger16.6%11%5.6%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger26.4%19%7.4%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
2017 Constitution, art. 90

Section 48 of the Organic Act on Political Parties prescribes that to run for an election, political parties need to prepare their lists of Party-List candidates by taking gender balance into consideration.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
14,098
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
3,140
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
22.27%
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
3140
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
22.27%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
421
Number of women elected
79
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
15.8%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
- At the moment of the first session, held on 24 May 2019, the House of Representatives comprised 498 members, including 76 women (51 elected under the majority system and 25 under the proportional representation system).
- A female candidate from the Future Forward Party won the last seat under the majority system in a repeated election held on 26 May, increasing the number of women to 77.
- Thereafter, the election commission re-calculated the distribution of seats under the proportional representation system. Instead of a male candidate from the Thairaktham Party, two women candidates (one each from the Palang Pracharath Party and the Democrat Party) were declared elected.
- As at 12 June, the House of Representatives comprised 79 women out of the full 500 members.

The Future Forward Party won 81 seats in the 2019 elections. On 20 November 2019, the Constitutional Court convicted Future Forward Party leader Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit and disqualified his MP status, lowering the number of MPs from 81 to 80. On 17 December, the Future Forward Party expelled 4 of its 80 members who had voted in support of the Government, leaving it with 76 members.

On 21 February 2020, the Constitutional Court dissolved the Future Forward Party and banned 16 party leaders (including 11 MPs) from politics for 10 years, leaving the party with 65 members in the House of Representatives. By-elections will be held for the 11 seats while the 65 other members must find a new political party within 60 days to keep their parliamentary seats. As at 27 February, there were 77 women out of 489 members.

On 8 March 2020, former members of the dissolved Future Forward Party announced they would join the Move Forward Party, which had not held any parliamentary seats and had changed its name from Ruampattanachartthai Party in view of accepting new members. In all, 54 of the 65 former Future Forward Party members joined the Move Forward Party and the other 11 joined parties in the ruling coalition: 9 joined the Bhumjaithai and 2 joined the Chartthaipattana.

As at 20 April, there were 77 women out of 489 members. The date for by-elections to fill the 11 vacant seats was yet to be set.
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
79

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
421
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
79
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Chuan Leekpai (Male)
Political party
Democrat Party
Date of election
25.05.2019
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1947
Women's Caucuses
Caucus name
Thai Women Parliamentarian Caucus
Date of creation
01.1993
Formal or informal
Formal
The caucus is open to male MPs
No
The caucus is cross-party
No
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
No
The caucus has a communication plan
No