Tonga

Legislative Assembly

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
26
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Dates of the previous legislature
13.01.2011 to 28.08.2014
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Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State In some countries, the Constitution foresees that legislation adopted by parliament must be signed into law by the Head of State. If so, the Head of State may, for example, have the power to veto the legislation, return it to parliament, or submit it to another body such as a constitutional court.
Yes
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, Clause 41
Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
(2011)
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Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation: Not applicable; No further action is taken. The legislation is rejected; The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination; The legislation is referred to the Constitutional/Supreme Court;The legislation is put to a referendum; Other (please specify)
Other (please specify):
Not applicable. The Head of State cannot decline to give assent to legislation adopted by parliament
No
Notes
Constitution, Clause 68: King's veto precludes discussion. Should the King withhold his sanction from any law passed by the Legislative Assembly and submitted to him for approval, it shall be unlawful for the Legislative Assembly to discuss such law again until the following session.
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree: Not applicable; Parliament; Head of State; Constitutional/Supreme Court; Other (please specify)
Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation
There is a procedure for introducing emergency legislation to parliament In some countries, the Constitution may allow the government to submit emergency legislation to parliament. The provision may, for example, allow the government to set a deadline for parliamentary debate on a piece of draft legislation.
Yes
Number of times the procedure for emergency legislation was used, per year
5
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Not applicable. There is no procedure to introduce emergency legislation.
No