Tonga

Legislative Assembly

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the election results are declared
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
At the time of appointment
End of the parliamentary mandate
Notes
When the election results are declared

Speaker

Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Notes
Tonga is a Kingdom and the succession of the Crown and Throne devolves to male heirs of the Throne (or in the case there are none, to the eldest daughter), begotten by marriage. If there is no lawful heir, the King shall appoint a successor pending consent of the House of Nobles...Should there be no heir or publicly proclaimed successor, the Prime Minister, or in his/her absence, the Cabinet of Ministers, shall convoke the Legislative Assembly to choose by ballot, one of the Chiefs to succeed the King, whom will mark a new dynasty.
(Constitution, Article 33).
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
No
Speaker terms
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Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary The figures are the gross amount before tax in national currency.
61,215
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Basic salary in PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) dollars The figures were provided by parliaments in national currency and converted to PPP dollars using World Bank conversion tables.
41083.89 See historical data for this field.
Basic allowances “Basic allowances” are allowances that are automatically paid to all parliamentarians. They are received in advance as a lump sum at a flat rate. They are not intended to be reimbursement for any expenses. Basic allowances are sometimes called “representation allowance”, “supplemental allowance”, “end-of-year allowance”, etc.
19,200
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Names of the basic allowances
Allowances for housing, communication (e.g. for telephone), and hospitality
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
No
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes
Committee Chair yes
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Speaker: T$ 72,215 per annum
Committee Chairs: T$ 66,215 per annum + T$ 90/hour
Committee Members: T$ 80/hour
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Privileges Committee with plenary approval.
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Privileges Committee, PAC and the plenary.
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Salaries The percentage is calculated by dividing the amount of members' salaries and allowances by the total amount of parliament's budget.
0.49% See historical data for this field.
Allowances The percentage is calculated by dividing the amount of members' salaries and allowances by the total amount of parliament's budget.
0.15% See historical data for this field.
The data valid for the year
2020
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
Not available.

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Can be a member of parliament
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Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
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