New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Turkey

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Grand National Assembly of Turkey

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
24.06.2018
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.06.2022
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
600
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
4,200
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
3,296
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
904
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
21.52%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
10

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) did not retain the majority on its own but secured the majority with its ally (see note 1) in snap elections, held in parallel with the presidential elections (see note 2). The main opposition Republican People's Party (CHP, see note 3) came second, winning twice as many seats as the pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP). President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was re-elected President. The country’s last Prime Minister Binali Yildirim became the new Speaker of the new legislature. The enlarged 600-member parliament (up from 550) will serve a 5-year term (instead of 4 years previously). The early elections were held under the state of emergency introduced following a coup attempt in July 2016 (see note 4). Since November 2016, multiple terrorism-related charges have been brought against thousands of HDP members, including most HDP MPs and the party’s two co-leaders. HDP’s presidential candidate and former co-leader Selahattin Demirtaş ran his election campaign from prison. Following the amendments to the electoral regulation in March 2018, parties were allowed to form electoral alliances. On 18 April, the President announced that snap parliamentary and presidential elections would be held on 24 June. Elections had been due by November 2019. The major issues in 2018 included the economy (in particular a declining currency lira), the war in Syria and the large number of Syrian refugees living in Turkey. Note 1: The AKP formed the People’s alliance with the Nationalist Action Party (MHP, led by Mr. Devlet Bahçeli) amongst others. Note 2: In April 2017, a constitutional amendment introducing a presidential system of government, instead of a parliamentary system, was narrowly approved by a referendum. The amendment paved the way for President Erdogan to potentially retain the presidency until 2029. The post of Prime Minister has been abolished. Note 3: The CHP, led by Mr. Muharrem Ince, formed the National Alliance with the Iyi Parti led by Ms. Meral Akşener (formerly MHP) amongst others. Ms. Akşener formed her party in opposition to the MHP’s decision to ally with the AKP. Note 4: The state of emergency, initially introduced for three months, was successively extended until July 2018. More than 50,000 people were arrested and 150,000 people were suspended from their posts.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
5
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
50%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
49.17%
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Justice and Development Party (AKP) 295
Republican People's Party (CHP) 146
Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) 67
Nationalist Action Party (MHP) 49
İyi Parti 43
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
496
Number of women elected
104
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
17.33%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
There were 104 women out of the full 600 members after the 2018 elections. Four male members resigned on 10 July to take up ministerial posts. These seats will remain vacant until the end of the current legislature. As at 15 August, there were 104 women out of 596 members.
Sources
Grand National Assembly of Turkey (15.08.2018) BBC Monitoring https://www.reuters.com https://www.aljazeera.com https://edition.cnn.com/ http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com
Women Directly Elected
104

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
104
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
496
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
280
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
07.07.2018
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Binali Yildirim (Male)
Political party
Justice and Development Party (AKP)
Date of election
12.07.2018