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Senate

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Representatives

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
Notes
Not applicable. Senators are appointed.
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
At the time of appointment
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
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Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
Notes
The Speaker is elected by members of the Senate. The Speaker may be a member of the Senate however he/she may also be designated from outside the chamber and becomes a member by virtue of holding the office of Speaker. (Constitution Article 66). A Speaker elected from among persons who are not members of the House of Representatives or a President elected from among persons who are not Senators shall have no vote.
Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Parliament
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
Yes
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
5 Years
See historical data for this field.

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary The figures are the gross amount before tax in national currency.
16,380
Basic salary in PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) dollars The figures were provided by parliaments in national currency and converted to PPP dollars using World Bank conversion tables.
Basic allowances “Basic allowances” are allowances that are automatically paid to all parliamentarians. They are received in advance as a lump sum at a flat rate. They are not intended to be reimbursement for any expenses. Basic allowances are sometimes called “representation allowance”, “supplemental allowance”, “end-of-year allowance”, etc.
2,658
Names of the basic allowances
Communications; Transport; Home Allowance
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
Hotel Accomodation; Airfare/Fuel; Per Diem/Subsistence
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes yes
Committee Chair yes no
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Leader of the Opposition, Deputy President, Leader of the Government Business
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Special Committee makes recommendation via motion for Parliament's approval
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Special Committee makes recommendation via motion for Parliament's approval
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Cannot be a member of parliament
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