United Kingdom

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
Notes
A member’s mandate is in effect from the moment they are sent their writ of summons by the Queen.
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Other
Notes
A member’s mandate is in effect from the moment they are sent their writ of summons by the Queen.
End of the parliamentary mandate
Notes
There is no retirement age for members of the House of Lords, except that bishops retire from their sees on reaching the age of seventy, and cease to be members of the House. Members of the House Lords can retire. Retired members remain peers, and retirement does not affect the use of their title. Retired members also continue to be treated for the purposes of general law as members of the House.

Speaker

Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Notes
Excluding the royal family, the Lord Speaker is eighth in the hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
Yes
Speaker terms
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
5 Years
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any Speakers in several parliaments are elected on a fixed date in accordance with the Constitution.
1 September

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Names of the basic allowances
Members may claim an attendance allowance of £157 or £313 (new rate from the 1st April 2019), or may choose to make no claim at their discretion.
Periodicity of attendance allowance Attendance allowances may for example be paid by day, month, year or session.
Day
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
Travel expenses between home and the House for members who live outside the capital;
Financial support for certain parliamentary business away from the parliament building;
ICT equipment;
Free postage;

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes yes
Committee Chair no no
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
“Chairman of Committees” (a full-time role presiding over aspects of the House’s internal arrangements);
“Principal Deputy Chairman of Committees” (a full-time role presiding over scrutiny of EU legislation);
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (IPSA) for the House of Commons.
Note: The House of Lords Commission determines allowances and salaries for the House of Lords.
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
Government
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries: Civil service salary scale; Ministerial salary; Minimum wage; Other (please specify)
Other (please specify)
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Notes
The Chairman of Committees’ and Principal Deputy Chairman of Committees’ salaries are set by reference to that of a Minister of State in the House of Lords. (The first is the same as a Minister of State, the second a percentage thereof.)
Amount of allowances received by each member
Yes

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Must be a member of parliament
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Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
20
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Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government by the statutory number of members of parliament/chamber.