New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

United Kingdom

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House of Lords

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Commons

Structure

Data on parliamentary sessions, parliamentary committees and parliamentary groups.

Sessions

Number of ordinary sessions of parliament per year
Dates of parliamentary sessions
Dates of parliamentary sessions
Parliament is usually in ordinary session Extraordinary sessions can be held
January x x
February x x
March x x
April x x
May x x
June x x
July x x
August x
September x x
October x x
November x x
December x x
Number of days parliament met in plenary, per year
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Notes For some parliaments, data can not be presented on an annual basis, for example because parliamentary sessions run from April to March of the following year. In such cases, the period to which the data corresponds is specified here.
Figures are calculated by parliamentary session (e.g. 2012-2013), not by year.

Committees

Number of permanent committees This number does not include sub-committees or joint committees in bicameral parliaments.

Parliamentary groups

Parliamentary groups are recognized in the parliamentary rules “Parliamentary groups” are the primary means by which political parties organize themselves in parliament. They may also be known as “party groups”, “caucuses” or “fractions”. They are different from all-party groups on specific issues, or inter-parliamentary friendship groups.
Not applicable. There is no minimum number of members to form a parliamentary group
Yes
Independent members can jointly form a parliamentary group
Yes
Several parties can jointly form a parliamentary group
Yes
Relevant provisions about parliamentary groups in the parliamentary rules of procedure
The Companion to the Standing Orders provides that ”The Crossbench Group is made up of members not affiliated to any political party. Members belonging to smaller parties may also sit on the Cross Benches.” Elections for hereditary membership of the House are also sometimes based on group (party) membership.