New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

United States of America

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House of Representatives

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Congress
Chamber name
House of Representatives
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
2

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1889-01 to 2003-10

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Présidente de la Chambre des Représentants
Speaker
Nancy Pelosi (Female)
Year of birth
1940
Term
03.01.2019
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Clerk of the House
Secretary general
Karen L. Haas (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Sworn in on 5 Jan. 2011, re-elected on 3 Jan. 2017.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
435
Note on the statutory number of members
In addition, there are six non-voting members: Five delegates (one each from the District of Columbia, US Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam and the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands) and one Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
432
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
102
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
23.61% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
Population (in thousands) Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects.
319,929
See historical data for this field.
Inhabitants per parliamentarian Calculated by dividing the population by the statutory number of parliamentarians.
597,998 See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 29 33 43 144 137 41 7 1
Total <= 45: 62 Total >= 46: 373
Male 0 0 24 30 37 121 108 27 7 1 355
Female 0 0 5 3 6 23 29 14 0 0 80
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger6.67%5.52%1.15%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger14.25%12.41%1.84%
Members for whom data is available
435

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.