United States of America

House of RepresentativesSenate

House of Representatives

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
03.11.2020
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
08.11.2022
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
435
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
2
Notes
Only two parties, the Democrats and Republicans, fielded Congressional candidates in all 50 US states and the territories.
Overall, 298 female candidates were on the ballot for House seats in 2020: 204 Democrats and 94 Republicans.

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Democrats effectively regained control of the 100-member Senate (see note 1) and retained the majority in the 435-member House of Representatives (see note 2), taking 223 seats. The Republicans increased their share of seats from 199 to 212. A record 119 women were elected to the House of Representatives, up from 102 elected in the 2018 elections. The newly elected Congress was sworn in on 3 January 2021. Ms. Nancy Pelosi (Democrat) was re-elected as the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

In the presidential elections held in parallel with the parliamentary polls, former Vice President Joe Biden (Democrat) defeated the incumbent President Donald Trump (Republican), winning over 300 electoral votes. On 6 January 2021, thousands of President Trump’s supporters stormed the seat of Congress where parliamentarians were certifying Mr. Biden's election victory. Four people died. On 20 January, Mr. Biden was sworn in as the President, along with his running mate, senator Kamala D. Harris, who thereby became the first woman Vice President of the United States. By virtue of holding that office, she also serves as the Senate President.

The 2020 elections were held amid the COVID-19 pandemic: by November 2020, over 9 million people had been infected, and 230,000 people had died. President Trump himself was briefly hospitalized during the election campaign. Key electoral issues included the economy, healthcare and abortion, as well as multilateral agreements such as the Paris climate agreement and the country’s membership of the World Health Organization.

Note 1:
Democrats and Republicans held 50 seats each in the 100-member Senate after the 2020 elections. However, the Vice President of the United States (Democrat), who is also the President of the Senate, may cast tie-breaking votes. Democrats therefore regained control of the Senate, which it had lost in 2014.

Note 2:
In addition, there are six non-voting members: five delegates (one each from the District of Columbia, US Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam and the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands) and one Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
2
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
100%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
51.26%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Democratic Party
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Democratic Party 223
Republican Party 212
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
316
Number of women elected
119
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
27.36%
Other notes
Note on the parties or coalitions winning seats:
The statistics above include one male candidate elect (Republican) who passed away on 29 December 2020, shortly before the newly elected House of Representatives was convened.
Women Directly Elected
119

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
316
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
119
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
03.01.2021
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Nancy Pelosi (Female)
Political party
Democratic Party
Date of election
03.01.2021