United States of America

House of RepresentativesSenate

House of Representatives

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
06.11.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
08.11.2022
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
435
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

The number of candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Notes
167 women won party primary.
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
2
Notes
Number of parties contesting the election: Only two parties, the Democrats and Republicans, fielded Congressional candidates in all 50 US states and the territories.

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Republicans retained the control of the House of Representatives and the Senate, albeit with a reduced majority. Mr. Donald Trump, the Republican nominee, defeated Ms. Hillary Clinton of the Democratic Party to become President of the United States (see note).

The presidential election campaign pushed congressional elections to the background. Mr. Trump, a wealthy businessman, pledged to "Make America Great Again". He promised to create more jobs, tighten US borders and renegotiate free trade deals. Ms. Clinton promised reforms that would give unauthorised immigrants a path to full citizenship. Mr. Trump also promised to "repeal and replace" Obamacare (the federal health insurance system introduced under the Obama Administration in 2010). Ms. Clinton praised Obamacare but promised to block unreasonable premium increases.

Note:
An American president is chosen by a group of electors known as the electoral college, which currently comprises 538 people. On election day, Americans cast votes for electors. In 2016, candidates needed to win 270 to be elected President. Mr. Trump won 306 electors against Ms. Clinton's 232, although Ms. Clinton won the popular vote.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
2
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
100%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
55.4%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Republican Party
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Republican Party 241
Democratic Party 194
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
352
Number of women elected
83
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
19.08%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
In addition, there are five women among the six non-voting members.

Sources
US Congressional Research Service Library of Congress (14.11.2016, 19.11.2016, 24.01.2017, 01.03.2017, 12.04.2017, 07.06.2017, 26.06.2017, 03.07.2017, 13.11.2017, 03.01.2018; 16.01.2018, 03.05.2018)
Office of the Clerk - House of Representatives
Federal Election Commission
Center for American Women and Politics
CNN
Financial Times

New legislature

First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
63
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Paul D. Ryan (Male)
Political party
Republican Party
Date of election
03.01.2017