New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

United States of America

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Senate

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theHouse of Representatives

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
06.11.2018
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
03.11.2020
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
35
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Partial renewal

Candidates

The number of candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
2
Notes
Only two parties, the Democrats and Republicans, fielded Congressional candidates in all 50 US states and the territories.

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Republicans retained their majority in the 100-member Senate, while the Democrats regained control of the 435-member House of Representatives for the first time since 2010. The 116th Congress has a record 126 women, up from 104. For the first time in US history, they include two Muslim Americans and two Native Americans. During the election campaign, the Republicans ran on their record in government, citing economic growth and low unemployment. President Donald Trump vowed to continue immigration reform to counter illegal migrants to the United States. Shortly before the mid term elections, the President ordered troops to the US-Mexico border to intercept a caravan of migrants and asylum seekers. The Democrats criticized the President’s immigration policies. The Democrats also called for the continuation of Obamacare (the federal health insurance system introduced under the Obama administration in 2010), which President Trump has vowed to repeal.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
2
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
100%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
151.43%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Note on the alternation of power
Presidential system.
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Republican Party
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total 2018
Republican Party 53 11
Democratic Party 47 24
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
21
Number of women elected
14
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
40%
Sources
US Congressional Research Service Library of Congress (21.11.2018, 28.11.2018, 18.12.2018) BBC Al Jazeera NBC News
Women Directly Elected
14

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
75
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
25
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
03.01.2019
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Chuck Grassley (Male)
Political party
Republican Party
Date of election
03.01.2019
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Mike Pence (Male)
Political party
Republican Party
Date of election
20.01.2017