United States of America

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
When the member is sworn in
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
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Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
Notes
Vice President of the United States is President of the Senate. In addition, there is a President pro tempore who is elected amongst senators.
Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
No
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
No
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
2 Année
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Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary The figures are the gross amount before tax in national currency.
174,000
Basic salary in PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) dollars The figures were provided by parliaments in national currency and converted to PPP dollars using World Bank conversion tables.
Basic allowances
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Names of the basic allowances
Senators’ Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA) ranges between USD 3,192,760 to USD 5,052,317 and is calculated on three components:
1) the administrative and clerical assistance allowance, which varies by state
population. It varies from $2,587,374 for a Senator representing a
state with a population under 5 million to $4,112,084 for a Senator representing a
state with a population of 28 million or more;
2) the legislative assistance allowance of $482,958; and
3) the official office expense allowance, which varies by state depending on the
distance between Washington, DC, and the home state, the population of the
state, and the official (franked) mail allocation. This ranges from from $122,428 to $457,275.

All SOPOEA expenditures are required to be published in the semiannual Report of the Secretary of the Senate.
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
Office space in States, including Mobile Office Space;
Furniture and Furnishings in Washington, D.C., supplied and maintained by the Architect of the Capitol;
Furniture and Furnishings in State Offices (USD 40,000 max);
Office equipment in Washington, DC, and State Offices;
Entitlement to receive government publications, e.g. the daily Congressional Record, various manuals and directories.
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes no
Committee Chair no
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
President pro tempore of the Senate, Majority and Minority Leaders: 193,400 USD
Secretary of the Senate, Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper, Legislative Counsel, Legal Counsel: 172,500 USD
Senate Chaplain: 160,787 USD
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Current system is an automatic annual adjustment formula established by law in 1989. Adjustments happen annually unless Congress votes to block the pay increase.
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
Leadership in each Chamber
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries: Civil service salary scale; Ministerial salary; Minimum wage; Other (please specify)
Civil service salary scale
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Notes
Automatic percentage increase in Member pay may not exceed the annual base pay adjustment of civil service employees.
The data valid for the year
2018
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website Certain parliaments publish the information on MPs’ salaries and allowances on parliamentary website. The amount of information may vary from one parliament to the other.
Amount of allowances received by each member
Yes

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Cannot be a member of parliament
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