New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Vanuatu

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Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
22.01.2016
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
24.11.2015
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.01.2020
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
52
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
183
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
174
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
9
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
4.92%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
28

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
200,159
Votes Number of people who actually voted
113,486
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
56.7%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Early elections in 2016 returned a more fragmented Parliament than the previous legislature. A record 17 parties (up from 16 in 2012) and eight independent candidates (up from four) were elected to the 52-member Parliament. Only 16 outgoing members were returned to parliament. 
 
 Three parties emerged as the largest forces, winning six seats each: The Union of Moderate Parties (UMP, led former Foreign Minister Serge Vohor), former Prime Minister Joe Natuman's Vanua'aku Paty (VP) and former Lands Minister Ralph Regenvanu's Land and Justice Party (Graon mo Jastis Pati, GJP). Eight parties won only one seat, including the People's Progress Party (PPP) of caretaker prime minister Sato Kilman. 
 
 On 3 February, Mr. Regenvanu announced that 11 parties comprising 36 members (see note) agreed to form a new government. These parties pledged to work for political reform and to reduce political instability and corruption in the country. On 11 February, their nominee, Mr Charlot Salwai Tabimasmas of the Reunification of Movements for Change (RMC) was elected unopposed as the new Prime Minister. He subsequently formed a 12-member Cabinet with representatives from 11 parties.
 
 The 2016 elections followed the conviction of 14 parliamentarians for bribery by the Supreme Court in October 2015. Speaker Marcellino Pipite then used executive power to issue pardons for the 14 MPs while President Baldwin Lonsdale (independent) was abroad. On 16 October, the President revoked the pardons. 
 
 On 24 November, the President dissolved Parliament for early elections, citing the inability of the Prime Minister and opposition to form a government of national unity. Opposition members submitted an urgent application to the Supreme Court to challenge the dissolution. On 16 December, the Supreme Court ruled that the President's action was legal, paving the way for early elections to be held on 22 January 2016.
 
 Note:
 The 11 parties are the UMP, the VP, the GJP, the National Unity Party (NUP), Nagriamel Party (NAG), the Reunification of Movements for Change (RMC), the Vanuatu Green Confederation (VGC), the Vanuatu National Development Party (VNDP), the Melanesian Progressive Party (MPP), the Friend Melanesian Party (FMP) and the Leaders Group (comprising the Leaders Party for Vanuatu, LPV, and an independent member).
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
17
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
60.71%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
15.38%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
The Union of Moderate Parties (UMP), Vanua'aku Paty (VP), Land and Justice Party (Graon mo Jastis Pati, GJP), National Unity Party (NUP), Nagriamel Party (NAG), the Reunification of Movements for Change (RMC), Vanuatu Green Confederation (VGC), Vanuatu National Development Party (VNDP), Melanesian Progressive Party (MPP), Friend Melanesian Party (FMP); and Leaders Group (comprising the Leaders Party for Vanuatu, LPV, and an independent member).
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Independents 8
Union of Moderate Parties (UMP) 6
Vanua'aku Paty (VP) 6
Land and Justice Party (Graon mo Jastis Pati, GJP) 6
National Unity Party (NUP) 4
Iauko Group (IG) 4
Nagriamel Party (NAG) 3
Reunification Movement for Change (RMC) 3
Vanuatu National Development Party (VNDP) 2
Vanuatu Green Confederation (VGC) 2
Melanesian Progressive Party (MPP) 1
Natatok Party (NATATOK) 1
People's Progress Party (PPP) 1
Peoples' Service Party (PSP) 1
Vanuatu Presidential Party (VPP) 1
Friend Melanesian Party (FMP) 1
Vanuatu Labour Party (VLP) 1
Leaders Party for Vanuatu (LPV) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
52
Number of women elected
0
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
0%
Sources
Parliament (29.01.2016, 01.02.2016, 07.02.2016) Official Gazette, 1 February 2016 Vanuatu Daily Post Pacific Women in Politics
Women Directly Elected
0

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
52
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
0
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
35
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
11.02.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Esmon Saimon (Male)
Political party
Vanua'aku Paty (VP)
Date of election
11.02.2016