New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Benin

-

National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
26.04.2015
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
15.05.2015
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
83
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
3,320
Notes
Number of candidates: 3,320. Each list needs to comprise the equal number as the seats to be filled and one substitute member for each candidate.
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
2,990
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
330
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
9.94%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
20

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
4,470,591
Votes Number of people who actually voted
2,945,020
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
65.88%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
The Cauri Forces for an Emerging Benin coalition (FCBE), supporting President Thomas Boni Yayi, remained the largest party with 33 seats, down from 41. Its ally, the Union for Benin (UB), retained its two seats, thereby giving the pro-presidential camp 35 seats in the 83-member National Assembly. A proposal to amend the constitution - drafts of which had twice been rejected by the National Assembly - dominated the election campaign, fuelled by speculation that the intention was to lift the two-term limit so President Yayi could seek a third consecutive term in 2016. The opposition forces organized several rallies in protest, pledging to stop constitutional amendments so as to "save democracy". The FCBE, Sun Alliance and Alliance for a Triumphant Benin (ABT) are reportedly supportive of the amendments. Several key figures left the FCBE prior to the 2015 elections, including the outgoing Speaker Mathurin Nago, who formed the United Democratic Forces (FDU) in March in protest against possible constitutional amendments. The Build the Nation Union (UN, the opposition coalition in 2011, see note 1) saw an internal split prior to the 2015 elections and its members fielded candidates separately. Nevertheless, the opposition parties submitted Mr. Adrien Houngbédji, President of the Party for Democratic Renewal (PRD), as their joint candidate for Speaker. On 20 May, he was elected with 42 votes (see note 2), defeating the Minister of Economy and Finance, Mr. Komi Koutché, who was endorsed by the FCBE. Note 1: The major parties in the coalition in 2011 were the UN, the Rebirth of Benin (RB) and the PRD. The RB, led by the Mayor of Cotonou Nicephore Soglo, allied with the government for a short period after the 2011 elections. In 2015, it formed a coalition with the Patriotic Revival Party (RP). Note 2: Prior to the elections, the leaders of the National Alliance for Democracy and Development (AND), the Sun Alliance, the FDU "Reso Atao" party and the Rebirth of Benin (RB) announced that they would support the candidacy of Mr. Houngbédji for the Speaker.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
11
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
55%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
39.76%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Not applicable
Note on the alternation of power
Presidential system
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
2
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Cauri Forces for an Emerging Benin coalition (FCBE) and the Party for Democratic Renewal (PRD) The new Cabinet, formed in June 2015, comprises several ministers who were elected on an FCBE ticket and one former PRD member who was not elected to the National Assembly. A parliamentary group, Republic and Unity (République et Unité), supports President Thomas Boni Yayi, whose term is due to end in April 2016. The group comprises all members of the FCBE, the Union for Benin (UB) and the Scout Alliance (Alliance Éclaireur) as well as three members of the National Alliance for Democracy and Development (AND). As a result, Republic and Unity controls 40 out of the 83 seats in the National Assembly.
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Cauri Forces for an Emerging Benin (FCBE) 33
Build the Nation Union (UN) 13
Party for Democratic Renewal (PRD) 10
Rebirth of Benin - Patriotic Revival Party (RB-RP) 7
National Alliance for Democracy and Development (AND) 5
Sun Alliance 4
United Democratic Forces (FDU) 4
Union for Benin (UB) 2
Alliance for a Triumphant Benin (ABT) 2
Scout Alliance (Alliance « Éclaireur ») 2
Reso Atao party 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
77
Number of women elected
6
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
7.23%
Sources
Constitutional Court
Women Directly Elected
6

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
77
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
6
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
42
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
16.05.2015
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Adrien Houngbédji (Male)
Political party
Party for Democratic Renewal (PRD)
Date of election
20.05.2015