New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Benin

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National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
28.04.2019
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
15.05.2019
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
30.04.2023
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
83
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
166
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
152
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
14
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
8.43%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
2

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
4,992,399
Votes Number of people who actually voted
1,353,955
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
27.12%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
Only two parties – both allied to President Patrice Talon – participated in the 2019 elections (see note), down from 20 in the previous elections held in 2015. Former Presidents Thomas Boni Yayi (Cowry Forces for an Emerging Benin, FCBE) and Nicéphore Soglo called for an election boycott. Only 27.12% of the 4.9 million registered voters turned out at the polls, down from 65.88% recorded in 2015. Following the elections at the end of April, the two former Presidents demanded the cancellation of the election results. Hundreds of people demonstrated in the capital Cotonou, demanding the resignation of President Talon. On 2 May, soldiers fired shots and water cannons to disperse the demonstrators. At least two people died in clashes with police. Former President Yayi was placed under house arrest until 22 June, accused of inciting post-election violence. The 2019 elections were the first to be held under President Talon (independent), who won the run-off presidential elections in March 2016, defeating the then Prime Minister Lionel Zinsou (FCBE). In 2018, the President announced constitutional reforms that would have introduced a gender quota and extended the parliamentary mandate from four to five years. However, the proposed amendments did not get the required majority in the National Assembly. Note: The 2019 elections were held under the new electoral code and the charter of political parties, adopted by the National Assembly in July and September 2018, respectively. The charter required political parties to conform to the new rules within six months of its promulgation (in September 2018), after which they would lose their legal status. Political parties which do not field candidates for two consecutive parliamentary elections would also lose their legal status. In February 2019, the Ministry of the Interior and Public Security rejected the certificate of conformity application submitted by the FCBE. The election commission subsequently rejected the FCBE list for the 2019 elections along with several other lists (from both opposition and pro-presidential parties). Consequently, only two pro-presidential parties, namely the Progressive Union (UP, formed by former Speaker Bruno Amoussou) and the Republican Bloc (de facto led by Minister of State for Planning and Development Abdoulaye Bio Tchané), were qualified to field candidates in 2019. The UP groups together some 80 parties and political movements. The new electoral code obliges parties to field candidates in all constituencies. Only lists that obtain at least 10% of valid votes cast at national level are entitled to seat allocation. The 10% threshold does not apply if fewer than four parties are eligible for seat allocation.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
2
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
100%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
56.63%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Not applicable
Note on the alternation of power
The presidency changed between two elections.
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
2
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Progressive Union, Republican Bloc (BR)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Progressive Union 47
Republican Bloc (BR) 36
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
77
Number of women elected
6
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
7.23%
Sources
National Assembly (13.05.2019, 29.07.2019) Jeune Afrique AFP Reuters Deutsche Welle Aljazeera
Women Directly Elected
6

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
77
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
6
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
42
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
16.05.2019
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Louis Vlavonou (Male)
Political party
Progressive Union
Date of election
18.05.2019