New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Viet Nam

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National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
22.05.2016
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
19.07.2016
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.05.2021
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
500
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
870
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
531
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
339
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
38.97%
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
1

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
67,485,482
Votes Number of people who actually voted
67,049,091
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
99.35%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
As in previous elections, the Communist Party - the only legal political party in Viet Nam – presented most of the candidates for election to the 500-member National Assembly (see note). In 2016, 870 candidates stood for election, including 97 non-party members (down from 118) and 11 self-nominated candidates (those who are not nominated by State or party agencies, down from 15). The 2015 electoral law requires that at least 35 per cent of candidates be women. At the 2016 election, 39% of the candidates were women. All candidatures, irrespective of category, were screened by the Fatherland Front, an umbrella body of pro-government mass-movements close to the Communist Party. 
 
 The 2016 elections followed the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party in January which re-elected Mr. Nguyen Phu Trong as General Secretary of the Party's Central Committee. The Secretary General pledged to move Vietnam towards modernisation. Prior to the 2016 elections, the National Assembly chose the country's new leaders. On 31 March, Ms. Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan was elected as the first woman Speaker in Viet Nam. On 2 and 7 April, the National Assembly elected Mr. Tran Dai Quang as the new President and Mr. Nguyen Xuan Phuc as the new Prime Minister.
 
 On polling day, Communist Party General Secretary Trong called on all candidates to "serve the country and the people and fully implement duties and responsibilities stipulated by the Constitution and law to take part in national governance". According to the election commission, 99.35 percent of nearly 70 million registered voters turned out at the polls. The successful candidates included 475 Communist Party members and 21 non-party members among which 2 were self-nominated candidates. In all, 133 women and 86 people from ethnic minorities were elected.
 
 Note: In accordance with the law on the organization of the National Assembly, the statutory number of members shall not exceed 500. In 2016, 496 members were elected.
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
1
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
100%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
94.6%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Communist Party
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Communist Party 473
Non-party 21
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
362
Number of women elected
132
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
26.4%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
Initially, 133 women were elected out of 496 candidates. 
 Two candidates-elect (one man and one woman) were disqualified before the first session of the newly elected National Assembly held on 20 July. 
 The number of women thus decreased from 133 to 132 out of 494 members.
Other notes
Note on the distribution of seats: 
 The number of "Non-party members" above includes two self-nominated members. 
 Two candidates-elect (one man and one woman, both members of the Communist Party) were disqualified before the first session of the newly elected National Assembly held on 20 July. 
 Consequently, the number of seats for the Communist Party decreased from 475 to 473.
Sources
National Assembly (09.06.2016, 18.07.2016, 30.08.2016) International Foundation for Electoral Systems Vietnam Breaking News Viet Nam News Vietnamnet
Women Directly Elected
132

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
362
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
132
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
20.07.2016
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan (Female)
Political party
Communist Party
Date of election
21.07.2016