Brazil

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Arthur César Pereira de Lira (Male)
Year of birth
1969
Additional information
Elected on 1 Feb. 2021, re-elected on 1 Feb. 2023.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Luís Otávio Veríssimo Teixeira (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 12 April 2023.
Secretary General
Celso de Barros Correia Neto (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 12 February 2021.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
423
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
90
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
17.54% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
51.40
See historical data for this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Ícaro de Valmir (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
88
Oldest member
Luiza Erundina (Female)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
189 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
324 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
423 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
90 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
20 See historical data for this field.
31-40
97 See historical data for this field.
41-45
72 See historical data for this field.
46-50
74 See historical data for this field.
51-60
127 See historical data for this field.
61-70
93 See historical data for this field.
71-80
27 See historical data for this field.
81-90
3 See historical data for this field.
91 and over
0 See historical data for this field.
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 20 97 72 74 127 93 27 3 0
Total <= 45: 189 Total >= 46: 324
Male 0 12 73 60 61 106 85 25 1 0 423
Female 0 8 24 12 13 21 8 2 2 0 90
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger3.9%2.34%1.56%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger22.81%16.57%6.24%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger36.84%28.27%8.58%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Legislated candidate quotas. Electoral law guarantees that lists contain a minimum of 30% and a maximum of 70% of candidates of each sex.
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1932
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1932
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1933

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Women's Secretariat of the Chamber of Deputies
(January 2013)
Formal or informal
Formal
The caucus is open to male MPs
No
The caucus is cross-party
Yes
Notes
The Women's Caucus has been responsible for great advances in the defense of women's rights, previously called 'Bancada do Batom'. Its meetings take place monthly, in an ordinary way, and extraordinarily whenever a parliamentarian requests that the collegiate deliberate on a certain matter.

The Women's Caucus has a coordinator and three deputy coordinators (from different parties), elected by all deputies in the first half of the first and third legislative sessions.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes

Activities

Issues dealt with by the caucus
The Caucus introduced the following laws or practices:
-Maria da Penha Law on Domestic Violence;
- the Quota Act;
- the Ratification of CEDAW Protocol;
- the Act on reconstructive surgery for women with breast cancer;
- the implementation of a telephone assistance to victims of domestic violence;
- the creation of the Special Prosecutor for Women in the House, which receives and transfers to the competent bodies complaints and concerns of people regarding discussion and approval of bills, draft amendments to the Constitution and public policy discussion.

Other issues the caucus focuses on:
Gender equality, women's rights, electoral observation, women's political participation, sexual and moral harassment, child well-being and sole-parent family structure.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
No
The caucus has a communication plan
No

Contact information for the Committee

Address
Ana Claudia Ellery Lustosa da Costa - Chief of Staff of the Women Secretariat, Palácio do Congresso Nacional, Praça dos Três Poderes
Brasília -
70 160-900
Brazil
Brazil
Phone
+55-6132158800