Brazil

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
05.10.2014
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
02.10.2022
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
27
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Partial renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
165
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Number of parties contesting the election This field may include either the number of parties contesting the election, or the number of coalitions/electoral alliance.
16

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
A coalition supporting President Dilma Rousseff of the Workers' Party (PT, see note 1) retained a majority in both chambers of Congress. It took 304 seats in the 543-member Chamber of Deputies and controlled 58 seats following the partial renewal of the 81-member Senate. An opposition coalition supporting the presidential bid of Senator Aecio Neves of the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB, see note 2) took a total of 128 seats in the Chamber and held 20 seats in the Senate. Ms. Rousseff won the run-off presidential elections held on 26 October, narrowly defeating Senator Neves. The latter was backed by Ms. Marina Silva of the Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB), who came third in the first round of the presidential elections.

President Rousseff's PT - in power since 2003 - ran on the government's record, citing its success in reducing unemployment. It promised to expand the social welfare programme, in particular the Bolsa Familia, the family allowance for low-income families that covers about one-fifth of the population. The PSDB also promised to maintain the Bolsa Familia, while promoting business-friendly policies and a smaller role for the State in the economy. It proposed to reduce the minimum age at which minors can be tried as adults for serious crimes from 18 to 16 years old. The PSB opposed this plan, and promised better protection for indigenous communities.

Note 1:
The winning coalition comprised the Workers' Party (PT), the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), the Social Democratic Party (PSD), the Progressive Party (PP), the Party of the Republic (PR), the Brazilian Republican Party (PRB), the Democratic Labour Party (PDT) and the Republican Party of the Social Order (PROS).

Note 2:
The opposition coalition comprised the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB), the Brazilian Labour Party (PTB), the Democrats (DEM), the Solidality (SD), National Labour Party (PTN), the National Mobilization Party (PMN), the National Ecologic Party (PEN), the Christian Labour Party (PTC) and Labour Party of Brazil (PT do B).
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
10
Percentage of parties winning seats The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of parties which won parliamentary representation by the number of parties contesting the election.
62.5%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
66.67%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
10
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Workers' Party (PT), Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), Democratic Labour Party (PDT), Brazilian Labour Party (PTB), Progressive Party (PP), Party of the Republic (PR), Communist Party of Brazil (PC do B), Social Democratic Party (PSD), Brazilian Republican Party (PRB) and Republican Party of the Social Order (PROS)
In addition, the following three parties are in the governing coalition in the Chamber of Deputies: the Labour Party of Brazil (PT do B), the Progressive Republican Party (PRP) and the National Mobilization Party (PMN).
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total Seats 2014
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) 18 5
Workers' Party (PT) 12 2
Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB) 10 4
Democratic Labour Party (PDT) 6 4
Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB) 6 3
Progressive Party (PP) 5 1
Democrats (DEM) 5 3
Party of the Republic (PR) 4 1
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 4 2
Brazilian Labour Party (PTB) 3 2
Green Party (PV) 1 0
Republican Party of the Social Order (PROS) 1 0
Solidality (SD) 1 0
Communist Party of Brazil (PC do B) 1 0
Brazilian Republican Party (PRB) 1 0
Popular Socialist Party (PPS) 1 0
Social Christian Party (PSC) 1 0
Socialism and Liberty Party (PSOL) 1 0
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
22
Number of women elected
5
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
18.52%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
Five women were elected to the 27 seats at stake in the 2014 elections, bringing the number of women senators to 11 out of a total of 81.
Sources
Senate (30.10.2014, 10.12.2014, 05.02.2015, 01.01.2017)
Women Directly Elected
5

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
70
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
11
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
22
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
01.02.2015
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
José Renan Vasconcelos Calheiros (Male)
Political party
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB)