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Cambodia

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Senate

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theNational Assembly

Specialized body - Human rights

Human Rights Commission
(January 1999)

About

Nature
Permanent

Members

Number of members
All MembersBelow 45 years of age
Total50
Men50
Political affiliation of members
Majority parties
5

Chairperson

Chairperson: Sex
Male
Age: Chairperson is below 45 years of age
No
Political affiliation
Majority

Committee functions

Committee functions
Mainstream human rights into the work of (other) parliamentary committees and of Parliament as a whole
Yes
Scrutinise all Bills for their compatibility with human rights
Yes
Scrutinise the Executive’s policy for compatibility with human rights
No
Obtain information from the Executive about the justification for actions or inaction which affect human rights
Yes
Initiate inquiries of its own choosing
No
Scrutinise proposed human rights treaties, and other international treaties with implications for human rights, and report to Parliament thereon, prior to ratification
No
Ascertain and review the Executive’s reasons for not acceding to or ratifying existing international human rights treaties
No
Scrutinise the Executive’s response to judgments of national, regional and international courts with implications for human rights
No
Monitor the adequacy of the existing national system for the protection of human rights
No
Review the allocation and expenditure of funds in the State budget to support measures to promote and protect human rights
No
Other important functions, please specify
The Committee: travels regularly to different provinces to explain human rights and gather feedback in order to report to the President of the Senate, who in turn reports to the government; receives complaints from citizens and reports to the President of the Senate, who in turn reports information to responsible authorities to find solutions; travels to other countries to observe differing human rights models; and invites speakers to present on Human Rights (e.g. the United Nations)

Committee involvement in international human rights reporting mechanisms

Committee involvement in international human rights reporting mechanisms
Consulted in the preparation of national report to the UN Human Rights Council
No
Included in the official delegation which orally presented the most recent national report to the Council
No
Discussed the conclusions and recommendations which the Council adopted as a result
No
Conducted hearings with the Executive about its plans to implement these conclusions and recommendations
No

Committee powers

The Committee has the power to:
Propose amendments to legislation
No
Introduce bills into Parliament
Yes
Initiate parliamentary debates on its reports or on subjects of its choosing
No
Carry out inquiries
No
Hold oral evidence hearings
No
Compel witnesses to attend
No
Compel the production of documents and papers
No
Make recommendations to the Executive
No
Conduct visits, including visits abroad
Yes
Access places of detention without notice
Yes

Committee working methods

The Committee:
Adopts an annual or longer-term work plan
No
Publishes reports on its work on the parliamentary website
No
Usually reaches consensus on the issues on which it reports
Yes
Systematically follows up its reports and recommendations
No
Reports regularly to Parliament on its activities
Yes

Cooperation and coordination

The Committee regularly cooperates and coordinates (e.g. through sharing of reports; meetings; joint follow-up action) with:
Other parliamentary committees
Often
Civil society organisations
Sometimes
National Human Rights Institution(s) Often called “Commissions” and/or “Ombudspersons” in the area of human rights
Sometimes
Academic institutions, including research institutes on human rights and the rule of law
Sometimes
The media
Sometimes

Contact information for the Committee

Phone
+855-12707407