Canada

House of CommonsSenate

House of Commons

Data on women

empty

Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Anthony Rota (Male)
Year of birth
1961
Additional information
Elected on 5 Dec. 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Charles Robert (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
10 July 2017 -

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
240
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
98
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
28.99% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Pierre-Luc Dusseault (Male)

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Voluntary political party quotas.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,146
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
736
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
34.3%
Notes
Note on the “Number of other candidates”: Five candidates chose to identify their gender with an “x”, while a further 19 left the gender option blank.
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
736
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
34.3%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
240
Number of women elected
98
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
28.99%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
98

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
240
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
98
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Anthony Rota (Male)
Political party
Liberal Party
Date of election
05.12.2019
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1917
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
Women who served in the military or who had a close male relative serving in the military (i.e. a father, husband or son) were granted the right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1918
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
All women except for Indians
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1950
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
Federal franchise extended to Indians (regardless of gender) under the condition that they waive the tax exemptions given to them by the Indian Act
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1960
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Universal adult male suffrage was not achieved federally until August 1960, with the unqualified extension of voting rights to all Indians under the Act to Amend the Canada Elections Act. It was not until 1969 (1940?), when Quebec became the last province to extend franchise rights to Indians, that provincial voting was secured.
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1919
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
Same conditions as men (age 21), only the House of Common
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1929
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
The right to stand for elections is extended to the Senate
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1950
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
Indians granted right with same restriction (men and women)
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1960
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
Right to stand for election without any restriction
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1921

Specialized body - Women's caucus

The All-Party Parliamentary Women’s Caucus (APWC)
(December 2015)
Formal or informal
Informal
The caucus is open to male MPs
Yes
The caucus is cross-party
Yes
Notes
The APWC has existed on and off since the late 1980s and it was most recently re-constituted during the 42nd Parliament, which sat between 3 December 2015 and 11 September 2019. There is no public record for the APWC having met since the Oct 2019 federal elections.

Membership is open to Senators or Members of Parliament of all political parties.

The APWC has no written rules and works strictly on a consensus basis. Each member of the caucus executive takes responsibility for communicating events to their respective party caucus colleagues on the Hill.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
No

Activities

Issues dealt with by the caucus
The APWC regularly hosted events during the 42nd Parliament, such as:
- an Indigenous blanket ceremony on the Hill, with Indigenous elder Barbara Dumont-Hill and Kairos Canada;
- an event with former Australian prime minister Julia Gillard;
- a reception put on with Equal Voice for the event “Daughters of the Vote”;
- a meeting with a South Sudanese women’s group;
- a reception with the Ovarian Cancer Society; and
- a meeting with female MPs from the ParlAmericas network.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
No
The caucus has a communication plan
No