New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Canada

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House of Commons

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Anthony Rota (Male)
Year of birth
1961
Additional information
Elected on 5 Dec. 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Charles Robert (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
10 July 2017 -

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
240
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
98
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
28.99% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Pierre-Luc Dusseault (Male)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
76
Oldest member
Ray Boughen (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
225
Total per sex
Total of male
225
Total of female
72
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
14
31-40
28
41-45
30
46-50
46
51-60
94
61-70
73
71-80
12
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 14 28 30 46 94 73 12 0 0
Total <= 45: 72 Total >= 46: 225
Male 0 4 20 27 36 72 57 9 0 0 225
Female 0 10 8 3 10 22 16 3 0 0 72
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger4.71%1.35%3.37%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger14.14%8.08%6.06%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger24.24%17.17%7.07%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Voluntary political party quotas.
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1917
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
Women who served in the military or who had a close male relative serving in the military (i.e. a father, husband or son) were granted the right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1918
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
All women except for Indians
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1950
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
Federal franchise extended to Indians (regardless of gender) under the condition that they waive the tax exemptions given to them by the Indian Act
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1960
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Universal adult male suffrage was not achieved federally until August 1960, with the unqualified extension of voting rights to all Indians under the Act to Amend the Canada Elections Act. It was not until 1969 (1940?), when Quebec became the last province to extend franchise rights to Indians, that provincial voting was secured.
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1919
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
Same conditions as men (age 21), only the House of Common
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1929
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
The right to stand for elections is extended to the Senate
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1950
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
Indians granted right with same restriction (men and women)
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1960
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Stand for Election: Additional Notes on right to stand for election
Right to stand for election without any restriction
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1921
Parliamentary bodies > Caucuses

Women

Caucus name
The All-Party Parliamentary Women’s Caucus (APWC)
Date of creation
12.2015
Formal or informal
Informal
The caucus is open to male MPs
Yes
The caucus is cross-party
Yes
Notes
The APWC has existed on and off since the late 1980s and it was most recently re-constituted during the 42nd Parliament, which sat between 3 December 2015 and 11 September 2019. Membership is open to Senators or Members of Parliament of all political parties. The APWC has no written rules and works strictly on a consensus basis. Each member of the caucus executive takes responsibility for communicating events to their respective party caucus colleagues on the Hill.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
No
Issues dealt with by the caucus
The APWC regularly hosted events during the 42nd Parliament, such as: - an Indigenous blanket ceremony on the Hill, with Indigenous elder Barbara Dumont-Hill and Kairos Canada; - an event with former Australian prime minister Julia Gillard; - a reception put on with Equal Voice for the event “Daughters of the Vote”; - a meeting with a South Sudanese women’s group; - a reception with the Ovarian Cancer Society; and - a meeting with female MPs from the ParlAmericas network.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
No
The caucus has a communication plan
No
Caucus contact details