New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Canada

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House of Commons

This is a bicameral parliament. Switch to theSenate

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
Not available
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Notes For some parliaments, data can not be presented on an annual basis, for example because parliamentary sessions run from April to March of the following year. In such cases, the period to which the data corresponds is specified here.
This represents the number of Acts of the Parliament of Canada by calendar year, including Public General Acts and Private Acts.
Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
Not available
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Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
Not available
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Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
Not available
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Dates of the previous legislature
Not available
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Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislation For bicameral parliaments: Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislationNot applicable; The legislation cannot be adopted unless both chambers agree; The decision of the lower chamber will take effect after a certain deadline; The decision of the upper chamber will take effect after a certain deadline; Other (please specify) For bicameral parliaments: Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislation
The legislation cannot be adopted unless both chambers agree
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
It is the parliamentary tradition that both Houses must approve all legislation. Since Canadian Confederation in 1867, the Senate has rejected 133 bills that were approved and passed by the House of Commons.

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State In some countries, the Constitution foresees that legislation adopted by parliament must be signed into law by the Head of State. If so, the Head of State may, for example, have the power to veto the legislation, return it to parliament, or submit it to another body such as a constitutional court.
Yes
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Sections 55 to 57 of the Constitution Act, 1867 deal with the granting of Royal Assent by the Governor General, and with the circumstances in which Assent can be withheld. More recently, the Royal Assent Act (S.C. 2002, c. 15) was passed to provide an alternative to the formal Royal Assent process formerly used in the Canadian Parliament, so that Royal Assent can be signified by written declaration. Technically the Head of State could refuse to give a bill Royal Assent, however by convention the Governor General does not refuse and always acts on the advice of the Prime Minister and Parliament.
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation: Not applicable; No further action is taken. The legislation is rejected; The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination; The legislation is referred to the Constitutional/Supreme Court;The legislation is put to a referendum; Other (please specify)
Not applicable
Not applicable. The Head of State cannot decline to give assent to legislation adopted by parliament
Yes
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree: Not applicable; Parliament; Head of State; Constitutional/Supreme Court; Other (please specify)
Not applicable. There is no procedure to introduce emergency legislation.
No