Canada

House of CommonsSenate

House of Commons

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
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Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
End of the parliamentary mandate
Notes
cf. Article 50 of the Constitution, Article 69 of the Parliament of Canada Act, and the Administrative Rules and Regulations of the Board of Internal Economy.

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
No
Speaker terms
The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house The term of the Speaker may be different from the term of the House (legislature).
Yes
Speaker's term The term may be shorter than one year.
4 Année

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary
182,600 (2020)
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Basic allowances
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Names of the basic allowances
Member’s Office Budget (MBO) provides members with funds to pay employee salaries, service contracts, wireless devices, some operating and travel costs and other expenses. Allowances vary across members, thus figures represent an average.
Parliamentary office
Constituency office
Travel allocations budget

An amount of $120 is deducted from the salary for each day, beyond 21 days in a session, that a Member does not attend a sitting of the House for reasons other than illness, public/official business, service in the Canadian Armed Forces, pregnancy, care of a newborn or newly adopted child.

See: https://www.ourcommons.ca/Content/MAS/mas-e.pdf
https://lop.parl.ca/sites/ParlInfo/default/en_CA/People/Salaries
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament In certain countries, MPs exercising other employment may be required to declare their income.
Yes
List of the other allowances provided for constituency work
Travel between constituency and Ottawa; official travel and accommodations around the constituency.

The Member's Budget Office (MBO) provides an Elector Supplement and/or a Geographic Supplement to. members who represent densely populated or geographically large constituencies (>500 sq km), or constituencies where transportation and communication facilities are limited
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Constituency office Certain countries provide for an office at constituency if it’s different from a seat of parliament, which is often in the capital. The office at constituency is applicable mainly to the countries using the Plurality/Majority system of elections.
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work The common in-kind allowances for constituency work include those for travel, overnight stay, etc.
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker yes yes
Committee Chair yes yes
Other leadership positions that receive additional salaries or allowances Some parliaments provides for additional salaries or allowances to the Deputy Speaker/Vice President, heads of parliamentary groups, etc.
Basic salary per annum:
Prime Minister: $365,200
Speaker: $269,800
Leader Official Opposition: $269,800
Cabinet Ministers: $269,800
Leader Other Opposition Party: $244,400
Deputy Speaker: $227,700
Committee Chairs: $195,200

Additional allowances for parliamentarians with special roles (Speaker, minister, chairs of committees, etc.) are set out in the Parliament of Canada Act, the Salaries Act, the Ministries and Ministers of State Act and the National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians Act.
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
The Parliament of Canada Act for the House of Commons and the Senate of Canada.
Parliament determines the amount of allowances Some parliaments determine the amount of allowances of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
The Parliament of Canada Act for the House of Commons and the Senate of Canada.
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale In some countries, the amount of parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale, such as civil service salary scale, ministerial salary or the minimum wage of the country.
Notes
The data valid for the year
April 1, 2020 to March 31, 2021
Amount of allowances received by each member
Yes

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Can be a member of parliament
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Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
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