China

National People's Congress

Specialized body - Human rights

The Supervisory and Judicial Affairs Committee
(March 2018)

About

Nature
Permanent

Members

Number of members
All MembersBelow 45 years of age
Total210
Men210

Chairperson(s)

Chairperson: Sex
Male

Chairperson

Chairperson: Sex
Male
Age: Chairperson is below 45 years of age
No

Committee functions

Committee functions
Mainstream human rights into the work of (other) parliamentary committees and of Parliament as a whole
Yes
Scrutinise all Bills for their compatibility with human rights
Yes
Initiate inquiries of its own choosing
Yes
Monitor the adequacy of the existing national system for the protection of human rights
Yes

Committee powers

The Committee has the power to:
Propose amendments to legislation
Yes
Introduce bills into Parliament
Yes
Initiate parliamentary debates on its reports or on subjects of its choosing
Yes
Carry out inquiries
Yes
Make recommendations to the Executive
Yes
Conduct visits, including visits abroad
Yes

Committee working methods

The Committee:
Adopts an annual or longer-term work plan
Yes
Publishes reports on its work on the parliamentary website
Yes
Usually reaches consensus on the issues on which it reports
Yes
Systematically follows up its reports and recommendations
Yes
Reports regularly to Parliament on its activities
Yes
Number of specialised staff to service committee
20

Cooperation and coordination

The Committee regularly cooperates and coordinates (e.g. through sharing of reports; meetings; joint follow-up action) with:
Other parliamentary committees
Often
Civil society organisations
Sometimes
Academic institutions, including research institutes on human rights and the rule of law
Sometimes
The media
Sometimes