Colombia

House of RepresentativesSenate

House of Representatives

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Congreso (Congress)
Chamber name
Cámara de Representantes (House of Representatives)
Structure & Status of parliament This field is to indicate lower/upper in the back end.
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1931 to 1935
from 1973 to 1977
from 1979
IPU Geopolitical Group/s IPU Geopolitical Groups: African Group, Arab Group, Asia-Pacific Group, Eurasia Group, Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), Twelve Plus Group.
Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC)

Speaker

Official title The Speaker may for example be known as the Presiding Officer, President, Chairman/Chairperson, etc.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
David Ricardo Racero Mayorca (Male)
Year of birth
1986
Term
20.07.2022 to 20.07.2023
See historical data for this field.

Secretary General

Official title This post is most commonly called Secretary General or Clerk. It may also be called Secretary, Head/Chief of the Secretariat, Director General, etc.
Secretary General
Secretary General
Jaime Lacouture (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Elected on 20 July 2022.

Members

Statutory number of members Statutory number of members, as defined in the constitution or other fundamental law.
187
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected members Directly elected by citizens.
165
Other members For example, ex-officio members of parliament, such as Cabinet members, members of the royal family, Attorney General, Speaker if appointed from outside parliament.
22
Note on the statutory number of members
Others:
- 5 members of the Comunes (formerly FARC);
- 16 members elected from Special Transitional Peace Constituencies (CITREP), established for two legislatures (2022-2026 and 2026-2030)
- The running mate of the runner-up in the presidential election.
See historical data for this field.
Current number of members Number of members who currently hold seats in parliament. May be lower or higher than the statutory number of members.
187
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
133
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
54
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
28.88% See historical data for this field.
Statutory number of members per country As defined in the constitution or other fundamental laws. Combines the number of parliamentarians in both chambers in bicameral parliaments.
295 See historical data for this field.
Population (in thousands)
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field.

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature.

 

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups Reserved seats are a means to ensure the parliamentary representation of certain groups in society.

Number of reserved seats, by group

Indigenous peoples
1
Minorities
2
Notes
2
Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
For lists submitted for election of 5 or more seats, at least 30% of candidates of each gender must be included. Political parties decide themselves whether their lists shall be open or closed. Candidate lists that do not comply with the legal requirements, including the gender quota requirement, shall be rejected.
Electoral quota for youth Quotas to promote the representation of youth in parliament.