Colombia

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Arturo Char Chaljub (Male)
Year of birth
1967
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Gregorio Eljach Pacheco (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Re-elected on 20 July 2014, on 20 July 2016, on 20 July 2018 and on 20 July 2020.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
83
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
23
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
21.7% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Andrés David Calle Aguas (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
35 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
71 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
84 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
22
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
0
31-40
18 See historical data for this field.
41-45
17 See historical data for this field.
46-50
15 See historical data for this field.
51-60
32
61-70
20 See historical data for this field.
71-80
4 See historical data for this field.
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 18 17 15 32 20 4 0 0
Total <= 45: 35 Total >= 46: 71
Male 0 0 12 13 14 26 16 3 0 0 84
Female 0 0 6 4 1 6 4 1 0 0 22
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger16.98%11.32%5.66%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger33.02%23.58%9.43%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
For lists submitted for election of 5 or more seats, at least 30% of candidates of each gender must be included. Political parties decide themselves whether their lists shall be open or closed. Candidate lists that do not comply with the legal requirements, including the gender quota requirement, shall be rejected.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,114
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
308
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
27.65%
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
308
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
27.65%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
71
Number of women elected
31
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
30.39%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
The 2016 Peace Agreement guarantees the FARC five seats in each chamber of the Congress for the next two legislatures (2018-2022 and 2022-2026). Separately, a new rule grants the presidential runner-up a Senate seat, while his or her running mate will get a seat in the House of Representatives for the 2018-2022 legislature. With these new measures, the number of senators will increase from 102 to 108, while that of representatives will increase from 166 to 172.

According to preliminary election results available in April 2018, there were 31 women among the 102 senators directly elected in the 2018 elections. In July, 23 women were sworn into the Senate. However, the election of one female senator was invalidated in September and two male senators did not take up their seats. Consequently, there were 22 women out of 105 senators.
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
23

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
85
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
23
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Ernesto Macías Tovar (Male)
Political party
Democratic Centre (CD)
Date of election
20.07.2018
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1954
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
The Constitutional National Assembly adopted Legislative Act No. 3 granting women full political right.
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1954
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1954
Notes
1954: The first women to get elected to Parliament were in 1958 to the Lower House.

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Colombian Congressional Women's Caucus
(July 2006)
Formal or informal
Formal
The caucus is open to male MPs
No
The caucus is cross-party
Yes

Activities

Issues dealt with by the caucus
- The Colombian Congressional Women's Caucus supported legislation and policies that address violence against women. Of particular importance is Law 1257 of 2008, which significantly increased sanctions and sentencing for violence and discrimination against women. The Caucus also supported the Equal Pay Act (1496 of 2011) and Law 1475 of 2012 on quotas for political-party and electoral lists which addressed the issue of women’s participation in elected office.