Colombia

Specialized body - Human rights

Senate Committee on Human Rights and Hearings
(June 1992)

About

Nature
Permanent

Members

Number of members
All MembersBelow 45 years of age
Total102
Men61
Women41
Political affiliation of members
Majority parties
3
Opposition parties
2
Independent
5

Chairperson(s)

Chair 1
Edgar Palacio Mizrahi
Chairperson: Sex
Male
Date of birth
24 Jul 1970

Chairperson

Chairperson: Sex
Male
Age: Chairperson is below 45 years of age
No
Political affiliation
Opposition

Committee functions

Committee functions
Mainstream human rights into the work of (other) parliamentary committees and of Parliament as a whole
No
Scrutinise all Bills for their compatibility with human rights
No
Scrutinise the Executive’s policy for compatibility with human rights
No
Obtain information from the Executive about the justification for actions or inaction which affect human rights
No
Scrutinise State compliance with existing UN human rights treaties
No
Initiate inquiries of its own choosing
No
Scrutinise proposed human rights treaties, and other international treaties with implications for human rights, and report to Parliament thereon, prior to ratification
No
Ascertain and review the Executive’s reasons for not acceding to or ratifying existing international human rights treaties
No
Scrutinise the Executive’s response to judgments of national, regional and international courts with implications for human rights
No
Monitor the adequacy of the existing national system for the protection of human rights
Yes
Other important functions, please specify
The Committee’s functions are set out in Art. 57 of Law no. 5 of 1992 as follows: to defend and report on human rights that have been violated or challenged; to oversee the authorities responsible for ensuring human rights; to promote measures to ensure the implementation of disciplinary sanctions; to organize special public hearings with the civil society to debate and decide on issues and/or projects to be brought before Congress; to examine observations on bills or laws submitted by citizens to the Congress; to ensure the follow up, protection and implementation of women’s rights in the public and private sphere by promoting normative instruments, to draft laws, and align legislation with international norms in force in this field.
Non-governmental organizations may attend committee sittings and speak on aspects of in
Non-governmental organizations may attend committee sittings and speak on aspects of interest to the Congress. The Committee may issue its own rules of procedure.

Committee involvement in international human rights reporting mechanisms

Committee involvement in international human rights reporting mechanisms
Consulted in the preparation of national report to the UN Human Rights Council
No
Included in the official delegation which orally presented the most recent national report to the Council
No
Discussed the conclusions and recommendations which the Council adopted as a result
No
Conducted hearings with the Executive about its plans to implement these conclusions and recommendations
No

Committee powers

The Committee has the power to:
Introduce bills into Parliament
Yes
Initiate parliamentary debates on its reports or on subjects of its choosing
Yes
Carry out inquiries
No
Hold oral evidence hearings
Yes
Compel witnesses to attend
No
Compel the production of documents and papers
No
Make recommendations to the Executive
No
Conduct visits, including visits abroad
No
Access places of detention without notice
No

Committee working methods

The Committee:
Adopts an annual or longer-term work plan
Yes
Publishes reports on its work on the parliamentary website
No
Usually reaches consensus on the issues on which it reports
No
Systematically follows up its reports and recommendations
Yes
Reports regularly to Parliament on its activities
Yes
Number of specialised staff to service committee
2

Cooperation and coordination

The Committee regularly cooperates and coordinates (e.g. through sharing of reports; meetings; joint follow-up action) with:
Other parliamentary committees
Never
Civil society organisations
Sometimes
National Human Rights Institution(s) Often called “Commissions” and/or “Ombudspersons” in the area of human rights
Often
Academic institutions, including research institutes on human rights and the rule of law
Often
The media
Sometimes