Colombia

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
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Authority that designates the Speaker When the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State The Speaker often has a very high rank in the protocollary hierarchy of the State.
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity In some countries, the Speaker acts as interim Head of State when required by the circumstances, such as death or incapacity.
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures The mandate of the Speaker may continue until their successor is elected, even after the dissolution of parliament/chamber.
No
Speaker terms
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Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Notes
for the offenses that members of congress may commit, the supreme court of justice is the sole authority that may order their detention. in case of "flagrante delicto," members of congress shall be apprehended and placed immediately at the disposal of the same body. (constitution, art. 186)
There is a Code of conduct for members

Salaries and allowances

Basic salary
357,771,312 (2017)
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Basic allowances “Basic allowances” are allowances that are automatically paid to all parliamentarians. They are received in advance as a lump sum at a flat rate. They are not intended to be reimbursement for any expenses. Basic allowances are sometimes called “representation allowance”, “supplemental allowance”, “end-of-year allowance”, etc.
251,998,603
Periodicity of attendance allowance Attendance allowances may for example be paid by day, month, year or session.
Month
Members pay income tax on salaries Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances Salaries and/or allowances may be subject to income tax or equivalent.
Yes
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament Certain parliaments allow MPs to exercise other remunerated employment outside parliament.
Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work
Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian The personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian is different from parliamentary staff work for the secretariat of Parliament.
Office at parliament
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker no
Committee Chair no no
Parliament determines the amount of salaries Some parliaments determine the amount of salaries of MPs. The amount may be set by other institution than parliament.
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount This question is only relevant if the amount is set by other institution than parliament.
Parliament votes a Law proposed by the General Comptroller's Office
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries: Civil service salary scale; Ministerial salary; Minimum wage; Other (please specify)
Other (please specify)
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Notes
Changes based on the weighted average of variations within civil servants from the central administration.
The data valid for the year
2012

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament Members of the government must also be members of parliament: Must be a member of parliament; Cannot be a member of parliament; Can be a member of parliament; Other
Cannot be a member of parliament
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Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
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