Costa Rica

Legislative Assembly

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Eduardo Newton Cruickshank Smith (Male)
Year of birth
1958
Additional information
Elected on 1 May 2020.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
Antonio Ayales Esna (Male)

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
26
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
45.61% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
48.89
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Gustavo Viales Villegas (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
26 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
31 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
31 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
26 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
2
31-40
17 See historical data for this field.
41-45
7 See historical data for this field.
46-50
6 See historical data for this field.
51-60
11 See historical data for this field.
61-70
12
71-80
2 See historical data for this field.
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 2 17 7 6 11 12 2 0 0
Total <= 45: 26 Total >= 46: 31
Male 0 1 6 5 1 9 8 1 0 0 31
Female 0 1 11 2 5 2 4 1 0 0 26
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger3.51%1.75%1.75%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger33.33%12.28%21.05%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger45.61%21.05%24.56%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Both legislated and voluntary political party quotas are in place.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,048
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
517
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
49.33%
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
517
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
49.33%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
31
Number of women elected
26
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
45.61%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
26

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
31
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
26
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Carolina Hidalgo Herrera (Female)
Political party
Citizens' Action Party (PAC)
Date of election
01.05.2018
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1949
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1949
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1953
First woman speaker
Year of first woman speaker Date at which, for the first time in the country's parliamentary history, a woman became Presiding Officer of Parliament or of one of its Houses.
1986

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Parliamentary Group of Women Deputies (GPMD)
(June 2015)
Formal or informal
Informal
The caucus is open to male MPs
No
The caucus is cross-party
Yes
Notes
The GPMD was established in compliance with actions outlined in the Gender Equality and Equity Policy of the Legislative Assembly (PIEGAL), via Article 24(1). The GPMD was established in compliance with the actions outlined in the Gender Equality and Equity Policy of the Legislative Assembly (PIEGAL), via Article 24(1).

During the first years of operation there were no internal operating regulations for the GPMD. Since July 2018 an internal operating regulation for the GPMD was approved.

Logistical and technical support is provided by the Technical Unit of Equality and Gender Equality.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes

Activities

Issues dealt with by the caucus
In line with the Gender Equality and Equity Policy of the Legislative Assembly (PIEGAL), general aims of the GPMD are:
- To sensitize and raise awareness of all parliamentary members on gender equality and women’s rights.
- Formulate and promote a legislative agenda without distinction of political party, oriented toward strengthening initiatives for the defense of women’s rights, gender equality and the oversight of public policies promulgated with these objectives.
- Perform oversight for adherence to national and international regulations aimed at protecting women’s rights and gender equality

Specific objectives include:

- Establishing a space for Deputies across political parties, to consult with one another and discuss legislative actions which promote women's rights and gender equality
- Developing and advocating for a legislative agenda on the promotion of gender equality, equity and women’s rights
- Exchanging good practices for the promotion of gender equality, equity and women’s rights in legislative work
- Establishing advocacy strategies for the implementation of the Assembly's Gender Equality and Equity Policy Legislative (PIEGAL) and the approval of the legislative agenda on gender
- Carrying out political oversight from a gender perspective
- Strengthening the legislative work of Deputies on gender
- Strengthening the gender institutions within the Assembly which includes:


1) The Technical Unit of Equality and Gender Equality (UTIEG), a permanent technical administrative body established in 2007, charged with promoting gender mainstreaming in all legislative work
2) The Special Permanent Commission of Women, established in 1999, that dictates bills on women’s rights and gender equality and has oversight power

Draft rules (pending approval) seek to formalize the GPMD and provide the caucus with more of a voice and a vote when the parliament is considering agendas or projects related to gender equality and women’s rights.

The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
Yes
The caucus has a communication plan
No

Contact information for the Committee

Address
Costa Rica
Phone
+506-25316829
Fax number
+506-25316826