Croatia

Croatian Parliament

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
05.07.2020
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature Date at which the previous legislature (elected at the previous elections) was dissolved.
18.05.2020
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Early election
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
17.04.2024
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
151
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
2,669
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
1,549
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
1,120
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
41.96%

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
3,701,924
Votes Number of people who actually voted
1,736,065
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
46.9%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
As was the case in 2016, no party won an outright majority in 2020. The Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ)-led coalition of Prime Minister Andrej Plenković, remained the largest force, taking 66 – up from 61 – in the 151-member Parliament (see note 1). The Restart Coalition (RK, see note 2) – led by the opposition leader Mr. Davor Bernardić of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) – came second with 41 seats, down from 54. The number of women elected nearly doubled from 19 to 35. On 23 July, Parliament approved a new coalition government led by Mr. Plenković which comprises the HDZ, the Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats (HNS), the Reformists-HSS Braće Radić-Pensioners, and representatives of eight ethnic minorities.

The 2020 elections, due by autumn, were moved up after the major parties agreed to dissolve the outgoing Parliament on 18 May. Prime Minister Plenković had stated that “[t]he epidemiological situation is favourable”, referring to the COVID-19 pandemic. On 20 May, President Zoran Milanović called for elections on 5 July. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on how to boost the economy. Other major electoral issues included social security, minimum wages, and pensions. The elections saw a low turnout of 46.9 per cent, down from 52.59 per cent recorded in 2016.

Note 1:
Eight seats are reserved for the following ethnic minorities:
- Serbian minority: three seats
- Czech and Slovak minorities: one seat
- Italian minority: one seat
- Hungarian minority: one seat
- Austrian, Bulgarian, German, Polish, Roma, Romanian, Ruthenian, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vallachian and Jewish minorities: one seat
- Albanian, Bosnian, Montenegro, Macedonian and Slovenian minorities: one seat

Note 2:
The RK included most of the parties represented in the People's Coalition (which had taken 54 seats in 2016), such as the Social Democratic Party (SDP), the Croatian Peasant Party (HSS) and the Croatian Party of Pensioners (HSU).
Number of parties winning seats The number of parties which won parliamentary representation in the given election.
8
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
43.71%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
3
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats (HNS), Reformists-HSS Braće Radić-Pensioners
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ)-led coalition 66
Restart Coalition (RK) 41
Homeland Movement-led Coalition 16
Bridge of Independent Lists (MOST) 8
Green-Left Coalition 7
Smart 3
Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats (HNS) 1
Reformists-HSS Braće Radić-Pensioners 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
116
Number of women elected
35
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
23.18%
Note on the Distribution of seats according to sex
Thirty-five women were elected in July 2020. After the formation of the new government on 23 July, the total number of women parliamentarians increased to 45.
Women Directly Elected
35

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
116
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
35
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
22.07.2020
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Gordan Jandroković (Male)
Political party
Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ)
Date of election
22.07.2020