New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

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Supreme People's Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
10.03.2019
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
31.03.2024
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
687
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
687
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
566
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
121
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
No
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
17.61%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
According to the Central Electoral Committee, 99.99 per cent of registered voters participated in the elections. As in the previous elections, all candidates were elected to the Supreme People’s Assembly. They had been selected by the ruling Korean Workers' Party and its small allies. The country’s leader Kim Jong Un was not on the ballot in the 2019 elections, while his younger sister Kim Yo Jong was elected to the Supreme People’s Assembly for the first time. Other first-timers include Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho and Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui, who led nuclear talks with the United States of America. On 11 April 2019, the newly elected Supreme People’s Assembly re-elected Kim Jong Un as Chairman of the State Affairs Commission and referred to him with the new title “supreme representative of all the Korean people”; he subsequently became the official Head of State (see note). Addressing the first session of the Supreme People’s Assembly, Mr. Kim promised to continue Kimilsungism-Kimjongilism policies (named after his grandfather and father) to build a powerful socialist country. He also referred to three summit meetings with the Republic of Korea in 2018 as great events of huge significance and declared the start of a new journey toward national reunification. The Supreme People’s Assembly replaced several long-serving officials by a younger generation. Mr. Choe Ryong Hae was elected as the new President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly, replacing Mr. Kim Yong Nam; Mr. Kim Jae Ryong as the new Premier of the Cabinet, replacing Mr. Pak Pong Ju; and Mr. Pak Thae Song as the new Speaker, replacing Mr. Choe Thae Bok. Note: The Supreme People’s Assembly revised the Constitution in April 2019, which was unveiled in July. The new Constitution states that the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission is not only the "supreme leader" but also "represents the nation". Previously, the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly was the constitutional Head of State. The revised Constitution still states that the President of the Presidium receives credentials from foreign envoys. The new Constitution deleted the military-first policy (known as "songun"), advocated by late leader Kim Jong Il, from its preamble and states "Science technology power is the nation's most important strategic resource".
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
No
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Workers' Party of Korea
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
566
Number of women elected
121
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
17.61%
Sources
Permanent Mission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the United Nations Office and Other International Organizations in Geneva (19.04.2019) KCNA website Yonhap news agency NK News BBC Monitoring Aljazeera
Women Directly Elected
121

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
566
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
121
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
11.04.2019
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Pak Thae Song (Male)
Political party
Workers' Party of Korea
Date of election
11.04.2019