New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta)
Your one-stop-shop for information about national parliaments

Ecuador

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National Assembly

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
César Ernesto Litardo Caicedo (Male)
Additional information
Elected on 14 May 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Secretary general

Secretary General
María Belén Rocha (Female)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Elected on 10 April 2018.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
52
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
37.96% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Not available
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
62
Total per sex
Total of male
80
Total of female
57
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
15
31-40
37
41-45
23
46-50
24
51-60
25
61-70
12
71-80
1
81-90
0
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 15 37 23 24 25 12 1 0 0
Total <= 45: 75 Total >= 46: 62
Male 0 5 19 11 16 18 10 1 0 0 80
Female 0 10 18 12 8 7 2 0 0 0 57
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger10.95%3.65%7.3%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger37.96%17.52%20.44%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger54.74%25.55%29.2%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Legislated candidate quotas. For the elections through the system of proportional representation, the names of men and women candidates shall alternate. Candidate lists for elections to the National Assembly, the Andean and Latin American Parliament, the regional councils, as well as the district, municipal and rural councils, shall be formed with an equal number sequence (woman–man or man–woman) to complete the total number of principal and alternative candidates.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
450

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
85
Number of women elected
52
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
37.96%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
52

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
85
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
52
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
José Serrano Salgado (Male)
Political party
Alianza Pais (AP)
Date of election
14.05.2017
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1929
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Optional for women, compulsory for men; in 1967 it became compulsory for both sexes. Literacy required for both sexes
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1967
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
In 1967 it became compulsory for both sexes.
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1960
Parliamentary bodies > Caucuses

Women

Caucus name
Parliamentary Group for the Rights of Women (GPDM)
Date of creation
01.2009
Formal or informal
Formal
The caucus is open to male MPs
No
The caucus is cross-party
No
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
Yes
The caucus has a communication plan
No