Ecuador

National Assembly

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
César Ernesto Litardo Caicedo (Male)
Year of birth
1979
Additional information
Elected on 14 May 2019.
See historical data for this field.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
83
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
54
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
39.42% See historical data for this field.

Age

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
See historical data for this field. Compare data of this field.
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
64 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
73 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
85 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
52 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0
21-30
8 See historical data for this field.
31-40
39 See historical data for this field.
41-45
17 See historical data for this field.
46-50
27 See historical data for this field.
51-60
27 See historical data for this field.
61-70
15 See historical data for this field.
71-80
2 See historical data for this field.
81-90
2 See historical data for this field.
91 and over
0
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 8 39 17 27 27 15 2 2 0
Total <= 45: 64 Total >= 46: 73
Male 0 5 17 11 19 17 12 2 2 0 85
Female 0 3 22 6 8 10 3 0 0 0 52
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger5.84%3.65%2.19%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger34.31%16.06%18.25%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger46.72%24.09%22.63%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Notes
Legislated candidate quotas. For the elections through the system of proportional representation, the names of men and women candidates shall alternate. Candidate lists for elections to the National Assembly, the Andean and Latin American Parliament, the regional councils, as well as the district, municipal and rural councils, shall be formed with an equal number sequence (woman–man or man–woman) to complete the total number of principal and alternative candidates.
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1929
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Optional for women, compulsory for men; in 1967 it became compulsory for both sexes.
Literacy required for both sexes
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1967
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
In 1967 it became compulsory for both sexes.
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1960

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Parliamentary Group for the Rights of Women (GPDM)
(January 2009)
Formal or informal
Formal
The caucus is open to male MPs
Yes
The caucus is cross-party
Yes
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
Yes

Activities

Issues dealt with by the caucus
The objectives are to promote, contribute, socialize, deepen, and incorporate human rights from a gender perspective in order to guarantee compliance with the rights and principles of formal and material equality and non-discrimination of women, as enshrined in the Constitution and international human rights instruments, which are directly applicable in Ecuador.

The GPDM has worked to mainstream the gender perspective into the laws promoted by the National Assembly, and specific laws have been created to address the historical demands of women in order to guarantee their rights in conditions of equality and non-discrimination.
The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
Yes

Contact information for the Committee