Ecuador

National Assembly

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections

Background

Election date(s) The date when elections started and ended for directly or indirectly elected parliaments/chambers. The date of appointments for appointed parliaments/chambers.
07.02.2021
Timing of election Timing of election: Upon normal expiry; Early elections; Delayed elections
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections The expected date at which the next elections should take place, based on law or practice.
28.02.2025
Number of seats at stake Number of seats contested at the elections. Where the parliament/chamber is fully renewed, this number is usually identical to the statutory number of members. Where the parliament/chamber is partially renewed or appointed, the number of seats at stake is usually less than the total number of members.
137
Scope of elections Scope of elections: Full renewal; Partial renewal.
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
255
Number of male candidates Number of male candidates
132
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
123
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
48.24%

Voter turnout

Registration Number of people registered to vote
13,107,364
Votes Number of people who actually voted
10,616,473
Voter turnout The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of people who actually voted by the number of people registered to vote
81%

Results

About the election Short description of the context and results of the election.
No party or coalition won a majority in 2021. The Union for Hope coalition (UNES, see note 1) became the largest force, taking 49 seats in the 137-member National Assembly. Pachakutik (an indigenist party that ran on a platform of banning industrial mining) sharply increased its share of seats from 4 in 2017 to 27 in 2021. The Democratic Left (ID) made similar gains from 3 to 18 seats. It became the third-largest force, on a par with the Social Christian Party (PSC). The Creating Opportunities Movement (CREO), led by former economy minister Guillermo Lasso, took 12 seats. On 15 May, the newly elected National Assembly elected Ms. Guadalupe Llori Abarca (Pachakutik) as its new Speaker with the backing of CREO. She is the first indigenous person to assume the post.

No candidate was elected in the first round of the presidential elections, which were held in parallel with the parliamentary polls (see note 2). The election commission announced that Mr. Andres Arauz (UNES) and Mr. Lasso (CREO) would advance to the run-offs. Mr. Yaku Perez (Pachakutik), who finished third, requested a partial vote recount. The election commission rejected the request on 16 February. On 11 April, Mr. Lasso (CREO), backed by the PSC (see note 3), won the run-offs, pledging to revamp crude oil production contracts to attract more investment to the oil sector. On 24 May, Mr. Lasso was sworn in as the new President, succeeding Mr. Lenín Moreno (Alianza Pais, AP), who did not seek a second term.

The 2021 elections followed the COVID-19 pandemic, which severely affected the country. Ecuador recorded one of the highest death rates in the region. The country’s economy was hit hard by the pandemic, particularly its key oil industry. In response, President Moreno announced $4 billion of cuts to public spending in May 2020.

Note 1:
The UNES coalition was formed by supporters of former President Rafael Correa, who led the AP coalition at the 2017 elections. In the same year, his deputy Lenín Moreno (AP) was elected as the country’s new president. In 2018, some AP members, who had distanced themselves from the new President, formed the Citizen’s Revolution Movement (MRC) under the leadership of Mr. Correa. The MRC subsequently founded UNES. In September 2020, an Ecuadorian court upheld an eight-year prison sentence against Mr. Correa for breaking campaign finance laws, an allegation that he denies. The election commission subsequently rejected his candidacy for the vice-presidency in 2021. AP failed to win parliamentary representation in the same year.

Note 2:
To avoid a run-off election, presidential candidates need to obtain 40 per cent of the vote and hold at least a 10 per cent advantage over their nearest rival.

Note 3:
The alliance between CREO and the PSC broke up shortly after the election. President Lasso’s government is supported only by CREO.
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of seats won by the largest party by the number of seats at stake in the election.
35.77%
Alternation of power after elections The results of the elections caused a change in the government. "Not applicable" to countries using the presidential system when parliamentary and presidential elections are held separately, to countries in political transition or where there is no party system.
Yes
Number of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
1
Names of parties in government The government may be formed by one or more political parties
Creating Opportunities Movement (CREO)
Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political groups winning seats breakdown
Political group Total
Union for Hope (UNES) 49
Pachakutik 27
Democratic Left (ID) 18
Social Christian Party (PSC) 18
Creating Opportunities Movement (CREO) 12
Honesty Alliance 2
United Ecuador Movement 2
Avanza Party 2
Patriotic Society Party "21 January" (PSP) 1
Democracy Movement Yes (Democracia Sí) 1
Ecuadorian Union 1
Movimiento Construye (MC25) 1
Independents 3
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
85
Number of women elected
52
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
37.96%
Sources
National Assembly (17.05.2021)
Consejo Nacional Electoral (18.08.2021)
https://resultados2021.cne.gob.ec/
BBC Monitoring
Reuters
https://www.nytimes.com
https://www.aljazeera.com
https://www.as-coa.org
Women Directly Elected
52

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
85
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
52
First-term parliamentarians The number of members who are assuming their parliamentary mandate for the first time following the election or renewal, regardless of their mode of designation.
124
Date of the first session The date when the newly elected parliament/chamber was convened for the first time. It may be different from the date when members were sworn in.
14.05.2021
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Guadalupe Llori Abarca (Female)
Political party
Pachakutik
Date of election
15.05.2021