Ecuador

National Assembly

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
19 (2020)
See historical data for this field.
Notes For some parliaments, data can not be presented on an annual basis, for example because parliamentary sessions run from April to March of the following year. In such cases, the period to which the data corresponds is specified here.
Other than by parliament and the Executive -- laws may also be initiated by citizens' popular initiative, the Constitutional Court, the Office of the State Prosecutor, the Attorney-General’s Office, the Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman, and the Office of the Attorney for the Defense of the People, and other State institutions on subjects within their jurisdiction (Constitution, Art. 134).

During the 2017-2021 legislature, 3 laws were initiated by State functions other than the Executive and Parliament.

Other than by parliament and the Executive -- laws may also be initiated by citizens' popular initiative, the Constitutional Court, the Office of the State Prosecutor, the Attorney-General’s Office, the Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman, and the Office of the Attorney for the Defense of the People, and other State institutions on subjects within their jurisdiction (Constitution, Art. 134).

During the 2017-2021 legislature, 3 laws were initiated by State functions other than the Executive and Parliament.
Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
78 (2021)
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Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
48 (2021)
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Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
30 (2021)
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Dates of the previous legislature
14.05.2017 to 13.05.2021
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Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State In some countries, the Constitution foresees that legislation adopted by parliament must be signed into law by the Head of State. If so, the Head of State may, for example, have the power to veto the legislation, return it to parliament, or submit it to another body such as a constitutional court.
Yes
Source Legal documents that stipulate parliament's role.
Constitution, art. 137 and 138
Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
(2020)
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Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation: Not applicable; No further action is taken. The legislation is rejected; The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination; The legislation is referred to the Constitutional/Supreme Court;The legislation is put to a referendum; Other (please specify)
Other (please specify):
Not applicable. The Head of State cannot decline to give assent to legislation adopted by parliament
No
Notes
C.f. Article 138 of the Constitution
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree: Not applicable; Parliament; Head of State; Constitutional/Supreme Court; Other (please specify)
Other (please specify)
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Notes
C.f. Article 139 of the Constitution
Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation
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See historical data for this field.
Not applicable. There is no procedure to introduce emergency legislation.
No